Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Health Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
18-65 Yaş Arası Bireylerin Yeme Alışkanlıklarının Narsist Kişilik ve Beden Algısı ile İlişkisi: Tanımlayıcı Bir Araştırma
The Relationship of Eating Habits with Narcissist Personality and Body Perception in 18-65 Years Old Individuals: A Descriptive Study
Naciye Betül ATEŞa , Öznur Özge ÖZCANb , Mesut KARAHANc
aÜsküdar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümü, İstanbul, Türkiye
bÜsküdar Üniversitesi Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksekokulu, Elektronörofizyoloji Bölümü, İstanbul, Türkiye
cÜsküdar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Meslek Yüksekokulu, Tıbbi Laboratuvar Teknikleri Bölümü, İstanbul, Türkiye
Turkiye Klinikleri J Health Sci. 2023;8(4):551-60
doi: 10.5336/healthsci.2023-97352
Article Language: TR
Full Text
ÖZET
Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, 18-65 yaş arası bireylerin sahip oldukları yeme alışkanlıklarının, bedeni beğenme ve narsist kişilik arasında ilişkiyi araştırmaktır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Çalışmaya 18- 65 yaş arası 668 gönüllü birey katılmıştır. Google Form üzerinden Nisan 2022-Eylül 2022 tarihleri aralığında, sosyodemografik veri formu, Narsistik Kişilik Envanteri (NKE), Bedeni Beğenme Ölçeği (BBÖ) ve Üç Faktörlü Beslenme (ÜFB) anketinden oluşan çevrim içi anketle toplanmıştır. İstatistiksel olarak anlamlılık düzeyi p<0,05 olarak belirlenmiştir. Bulgular: Araştırmaya katılanların %75,6'sı kadın ve %24,4'ü erkektir. Katılımcıların %7,5'i zayıf, %57,2'si normal, %26,8'i fazla kilolu ve %8,5'i obezdir. BBÖ total puanı ile ÜFB Ölçeği total puanı arasında negatif yönlü istatistik olarak anlamlı bir ilişki saptanmıştır (r=-0,246, p<0,001). BBÖ total puanı ile NKE toplam puanı (r=0,080, p=0,038) arasında pozitif yönlü ilişki bulunmuştur. ÜFB anketi total puanı ile NKE alt boyutlarından ''teşhircilik'' puanı (r=0,095, p=0,014) arasında pozitif; ''hak iddia etme'' puanı (r=-0,133, p=0,001) arasında negatif yönde istatistik olarak anlamlı bir ilişki saptanmıştır. Sonuç: Katılımcılar narsistik özelliklere sahip oldukça beden algısı artmaktadır. Bedeni beğenme ölçek puanı ile yeme alışkanlıklarında negatif bir ilişki saptanmıştır. Obez bireylerde narsistik kişilik özellikleri artarken, bedenine olan beğenisinin azaldığı gözlemlenmiştir. Sonuç olarak, narsisizmin beden kitle inseksi düzeyi arttıkça beden algısı üzerinde olumsuz bir etkisi olduğunu ve yeme alışkanlıklarını olumsuz yönde etkileyebileceğini ortaya çıkardık ancak daha fazla araştırmaya ihtiyaç duyulmaktadır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Beden algısı; yeme alışkanlıkları; narsizm; obezite
ABSTRACT
Objective: To investigate the relationship between the eating habits of individuals between the ages of 18-65, body appreciation and narcissistic personality. Material and Methods: Six hundred sixty eight volunteers between the ages of 18-65 participated in the study. It was collected via Google Form between April 2022 and September 2022, with an online questionnaire consisting of sociodemographic data form, Narcissistic Personality Inventory, Body Appreciation Scale and ThreeFactor Nutrition questionnaire. Statistically significant level was determined as p<0.05. Results: 75.6% of the participants were female and 24.4% were male. 7.5% of the participants were underweight, 57.2% were normal, 26.8% were overweight and 8.5% were obese. A statistically significant negative correlation was found between the Body Appreciation Scale total score and the Three Factor Nutrition Scale total score (r=-0.246, p<0.001). A positive correlation was found between the Body Appreciation Scale total score and the narcissistic personality inventory total score (r=0.080, p=0.038). There was a positive difference between the total score of the Three-Factor Nutrition Scale and the ''exhibitionism'' score of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory sub-dimensions (r=0.095, p=0.014); A statistically significant negative correlation was found between the ''claiming rights'' score (r=-0.133, p=0.001). Conclusion: As the participants have narcissistic features, their body appreciation increases. A negative relationship was found between body perception scale score and eating habits. It has been observed that while narcissistic personality traits increase in obese individuals, their body perception decreases. As a result, we revealed that narcissism has a negative effect on body image as body mass index level increases and may negatively affect eating habits, but more research is needed.

Keywords: Body perception; eating habits; narcissism; obesity
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