Turkiye Klinikleri Cardiovascular Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Açık Kalp Ameliyatı Olacak Hastaların Spiritüel İyi Oluş ve Umut Düzeylerinin Belirlenmesi: Tanımlayıcı Araştırma
Determination of Spiritual Well-Being and Hope Level of Patients Undergoing Open Heart Surgery: A Descriptive Study
Neslihan ÇİÇEKLİa, İlknur ÇALIŞKANb
aKoşuyolu Yüksek İhtisas Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Kalp Damar Cerrahisi Kliniği, İstanbul, Türkiye
bİstanbul Okan Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, İstanbul, Türkiye
Turkiye Klinikleri J Cardiovasc Sci. 2022;34(1):17-25
doi: 10.5336/cardiosci.2021-86952
Article Language: TR
Full Text
ÖZET
Amaç: Araştırma, açık kalp ameliyatı olacak hastaların spiritüel iyi oluş ve umut düzeylerinin belirlenmesi amacıyla tanımlayıcı türde yapılmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Araştırmanın örneklemini Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi Kartal Koşuyolu Yüksek İhtisas Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesinde açık kalp ameliyatı olmak için yatan 166 hasta oluşturmuştur. Araştırmanın verileri; hasta tanıtım formu, Herth Umut İndeksi, Spiritüel İyi Oluş Ölçeği ile toplanmıştır. Verilerin analizinde tanımlayıcı veriler sayı yüzdelik hesaplamaları, Kolmogorov-Smirnov testi, tek yönlü ANOVA, bağımsız gruplar için t-testi, Kruskal-Wallis testi ve Pearson korelasyon analizi kullanılmıştır. Bulgular: Araştırmaya katılan hastaların %72,3'ünün 51 yaş ve üzeri yaş grubunda, %69,3'ünün erkek, %45,3'ü ilkokul mezunu, %84,9'unun evli, %51,2'sinin baypas ameliyatı geçireceği, %84,3'ünün daha önce kalp ameliyatı geçirmediği, %41'inin 4-6 gündür hastanede kaldığı belirlenmiştir. Hastaların Spiritüel İyi Oluş Ölçeği toplam puanının 115,93±10 ve Herth Umut İndeksi toplam puanının 39,11±5,40 olduğu saptanmıştır. Araştırmaya katılmaya gönüllü hastaların tanıtıcı özelliklerine göre Spiritüel İyi Oluş Ölçeği'nden aldıkları puanlar arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı farklılık bulunmamıştır (p>0,05). Araştırma kapsamındaki hastaların eğitim durumu, daha önce kalp ameliyatı geçirme durumu ve hastanede kalış süresine göre Herth Umut İndexi'nden aldıkları puanlar arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı farklılık belirlenmiştir (p<0,05). Sonuç: Araştırmada, hastaların spiritüel iyi oluşlarının ve umut düzeylerinin yüksek olduğu, spiritüel iyi oluş ile umut düzeyi arasında ilişki olmadığı sonucuna ulaşıldı.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Sağ kalp baypası; spiritüalizm; kardiyovasküler hemşireliği; umut
ABSTRACT
Objective: This study was carried out in a descriptive type in order to determine the spiritual well-being and hope level of the patients who will undergo open-heart surgery. Material and Methods: The sample of the study consisted of 166 patients hospitalized for open heart surgery at the University of Health Sciences Kartal Koşuyolu Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital. The data of this study were collected with the patient information form, Herth Hope Index, Spiritual Well-Being Scale. Descriptive data in the analysis of the data were used for the number percent calculations, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, one-way ANOVA, t-test for independent groups, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Pearson correlation analysis. Results: 72.3% of the patients participating in the study are in the age group of 51 and above, 69.3% are male, 45.3% are primary school graduates, 84.9% are married, 51.2% will undergo bypass surgery. It was determined that 84.3% of them had not undergone heart surgery before, and 41% of them stayed in the hospital for 4-6 days. The total score of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale of the patients was 115.93±10, and the total score of the Herth Hope Index was 39.11±5.40. There was no statistically significant difference between the scores obtained from the Spiritual Well-Being Scale according to the descriptive characteristics of the patients who volunteered to participate in the study (p>0.05). A statistically significant difference was determined between the education level of the patients within the scope of the study, their previous heart surgery and the length of stay in the hospital, and the scores they got from the Herth Hope Index (p<0.05). Conclusion: It was concluded that the patients had high spiritual well-being and hope levels, and there was no relationship between spiritual well-being and hope level.

Keywords: Heart bypass right; spiritualism; cardiovascular nursing; hope
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