Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Alkol Etkisi Altında Araç Kullanımı: Tanımlayıcı Araştırma
Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol: Descriptive Research
Emre MUTLUa, Mustafa OKUDANa, Faruk AŞICIOĞLUb
aAdalet Bakanlığı, Adli Tıp Kurumu, İstanbul, TÜRKİYE
bİstanbul Üniversitesi-Cerrahpaşa, Adli Tıp Enstitüsü, Tıp Bilimleri ABD, İstanbul, TÜRKİYE
Turkiye Klinikleri J Foren Sci Leg Med. 2022;19(1):1-10
doi: 10.5336/forensic.2021-84198
Article Language: TR
Full Text
ÖZET
Amaç: Bu çalışmada, 'Trafik Güvenliğini Tehlikeye Sokma' suçuyla ilişkili sürücülerde saptanan alkol miktarının, sürüş güvenliğini ortadan kaldıracak düzeyde olup olmadığı hususunda bilirkişi görüşüne başvurulan vakaların incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: 2016-2018 yılları arasındaki dönemde Adli Tıp Kurumu 5. İhtisas Kuruluna gönderilen ve 'alkolün emniyetli araç sevk ve idare etme kabiliyetine etkisi'nin sorulduğu 1.242 dosya incelenmiştir. Bulgular: Ölçümler en fazla alkolmetreyle (%47,1) ardından %28,5 vaka ile kandan yapılmıştır. Vakaların %24,4'ünde ise 2 ölçüm yapılmıştır. Alkol düzeyi 414 (%33,3) vakada 31-100 mg/dL aralığında olup, 185 (%14,9) vakada ise 1. ölçümle 2. ölçüm arasında uyumsuzluk tespit edilmiştir. Sonuç: Vakaların önemli bir bölümünün 30-100 mg/dL arasında olduğu saptanmış olup, bu vakalarda sürüş güvenliğinin bozulup bozulmadığının tespiti için detaylı hekim muayenesine ihtiyaç duyulmaktadır. Bir diğer sorun, ölçümler arasındaki uyumsuzluk olup, bu durumun en önemli nedeninin ülkemizde alkol ölçümlerinin teknik şartnamesi standart hâle getirilmemiş cihazlarla yapılması olduğu düşünülmüştür. Trafikte alkol denetiminin başarısının önünde yer alan bir diğer husus, ölçüm sonuçlarına itiraz edilmesi hâlinde teyit edici testlerin hiç ya da zamanında yapılmamış olmasıdır. Karayolları Trafik Güvenliği Eylem Planında yer alan 'mobil alkol tespit ve analiz araçları'nın bu konuda çözüm olacağı düşünülmektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Alkol; sürüş güvenliği; alkolmetre; trafik kazası; trafikte alkol
ABSTRACT
Objective: It was aimed to examine the cases where expert opinion was sought as to whether the amount of alcohol detected in drivers associated with the crime of 'Endangering Traffic Safety' was at a level that would impair driving safety. Material and Methods: In the period between 2016-2018, 1,242 files sent to the 5th Specialization Board of the Forensic Medicine Institute and asking about 'the effect of alcohol on the ability to drive and manage safe vehicles' were examined. Results: Measurements were made mostly with alcohol meter (47.1%) followed by blood with 28.5% cases. Two measurements were made in 24.4% of the cases. In 414 (33.3%) cases, alcohol levels were in the range of 31-100 mg/dL, and in 185 (14.9%) cases there was an inconsistency between the 1st measurement and the 2nd measurement. Conclusion: A significant portion of the cases have been detected between 30-100 mg/dL, detailed physician examination is required to determine whether driving safety is impaired in these cases. Another problem is the incompatibility between the measurements, and it is thought that the most important reason of this situation is that alcohol measurements are made with devices whose technical specifications are not standardized in our country. Another factor in front of the success of alcohol control in traffic is that, in case of objection to the measurement results, confirmatory tests were not performed at all or on time. It is thought that 'mobile alcohol detection and analysis tools' included in the Highways Traffic Safety Action Plan will be a solution in this matter.

Keywords: Alcohol; driving safety; alcohol meter; traffic accident; alcohol in traffic
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