Journal of Traditional Medical Complementary Therapies

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Determining the Traditional Methods and Complementary Therapies Used by Parents of Children with Special Healthcare Needs: Descriptive Study
Özel Bakım Gereksinimi Olan Çocukların Ebeveynleri Tarafından Uygulanan Geleneksel Yöntemlerin ve Tamamlayıcı Terapilerin Belirlenmesi: Tanımlayıcı Araştırma
Gizem ÇAKIRa, Naime ALTAYa, Ebru KILIÇARSLAN TÖRÜNERa
aDepartment of Child Health and Diseases Nursing, Gazi University Faculty of Nursing, Ankara, Türkiye
J Tradit Complem Med. 2022;5(3):227-35
doi: 10.5336/jtracom.2022-93011
Article Language: EN
Full Text
ABSTRACT
Objective: This study aimed to determine the traditional methods and complementary therapies applied by the parents of children with special healthcare needs and to reveal the reasons on which these practices are based. Material and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted with 53 parents who have children with special healthcare needs. The study was conducted at a rehabilitation center. Parents with children with special healthcare needs participated in the study. Results: The average age of the children in this study was 9.50±4.86. The average age of mothers and fathers was 39.73±10.12, 42.73±8.89, respectively. As a result of the study, it was determined that 30.1% of the parents used traditional methods, and 67.9% of them applied complementary therapies. Among the traditional methods, faith healing and resorting to an amulet are used mostly. When the reasons for applying traditional methods are examined, the first is to provide benefits to the mental development of the child, the 2nd is to prevent seizures. Among the complementary therapies, meditation-prayer, which is one of the mental-physical practices, is in the first place. The second is natural product applications. The first two problems why complementary therapies are used are providing benefits to the mental development of the child, supporting his/her mobility. Conclusion: It is seen that a significant part of the parents apply traditional methods and/or complementary therapies for the mental and physical well-being of their children. Determining traditional methods and complementary therapies used by parents and guiding them in an appropriate way will contribute to improving children's health and increasing well-being levels.

Keywords: Child with special healthcare needs; complementary therapy; parent; traditional method
ÖZET
Amaç: Bu çalışma, özel bakım gereksinimi olan çocukların ebeveynlerinin uyguladığı geleneksel yöntemlerin ve tamamlayıcı terapilerin ve bunların uygulanma nedenlerinin belirlenmesi amacıyla yapılmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Tanımlayıcı tipteki bu çalışma, özel bir rehabilitasyon merkezinde çocuğu tedavi alan ve çalışmaya katılmayı kabul eden 53 ebeveyn ile yürütülmüştür. Bulgular: Çalışmamızdaki çocukların yaş ortalaması 9,50±4,86'dır. Annelerin yaş ortalaması 39,73±10,12 iken, babaların yaş ortalaması 42,73±8,89'dur. Ebeveynlerin %30,1'inin geleneksel yöntemleri ve %67,9'unun tamamlayıcı terapileri uyguladığı belirlenmiştir. Geleneksel yöntemler arasında en fazla hocaya okutmak ve muska yazdırmak bulunmaktadır. Geleneksel yöntemleri uygulama nedeni incelendiğinde, ilk sırada zihinsel gelişimine fayda sağlamak, 2. sırada epileptik nöbetleri önlemek yer almaktadır. Tamamlayıcı terapilerden ilk sırada psikolojik uygulamalar içinde yer alan meditasyon-dua bulunurken; 2. sırada doğal ürün uygulamaları gelmektedir. Tamamlayıcı terapileri uygulama nedenlerinin başında, çocuğun zihinsel gelişimini desteklemek ve mobiliteyi desteklemek yer almaktadır. Sonuç: Ebeveynlerin önemli bir kısmının çocuklarının zihinsel ve fiziksel iyi oluşu için geleneksel yöntem ve/veya tamamlayıcı terapileri uyguladığı görülmektedir. Ebeveynlerin kullandığı geleneksel yöntem ve tamamlayıcı terapilerin belirlenmesi ve uygun şekilde yönlendirilmesi, çocukların sağlığının geliştirilmesine ve iyi-oluşluk düzeylerinin artırılmasına katkı sağlayacaktır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Özel bakım gereksinimi olan çocuk; tamamlayıcı terapi; ebeveyn; geleneksel yöntem
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