Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Diş Hekimliğinde Adli Rapor Hazırlanması Üzerine Bir Ön Çalışma: Retrospektif Özgün Araştırma
A Preliminary Study on Preparation of Forensic Report in Dentistry: Retrospective Original Research
Zehtiye Füsun YAŞARa, Erhan BÜKENa, Furkan ŞANa, Eylem GÜLb
aBaşkent Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Adli Tıp ABD, Ankara, TÜRKİYE
bBaşkent Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Biyoistatistik ABD, Ankara, TÜRKİYE
Turkiye Klinikleri J Foren Sci Leg Med. 2022;19(1):11-9
doi: 10.5336/forensic.2021-85335
Article Language: TR
Full Text
ÖZET
Amaç: Tanımlayıcı tipteki bu çalışmada, 1 Ocak 2015-30 Eylül 2020 tarihleri arasında Başkent Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesine maksillofasiyal yaralanmayla başvuran 45 hastaya ait, Adli Tıp ABD tarafından düzenlenen adli raporlar retrospektif olarak incelenmiştir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, diş hekimlerini adli rapor düzenleme süreci konusunda bilgilendirmektir. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Kayıtlar retrospektif olarak; yaş, cinsiyet, olay tipi, diş ve çene kırıkları yanı sıra yumuşak doku lezyon tipleri ve lokalizasyonları açısından incelendi. Elde edilen veriler, IBM SPSS 25 paket programına aktarılarak, tanıtıcı istatistikler elde edildi. Kategorik değişkenleri arasındaki bağımlılık durumu 'Pearson ki-kare testi' ve 'Fisher-Freeman-Halton kesin testi' kullanılarak analiz edildi. Tüm hipotez testlerinde I. Tip hata olasılığı α=0,05 olarak belirlendi. Bulgular: Olguların %31,1'i kadın, %68,9'u erkek, %66,7'si 19 yaş ve üzeri bireylerden oluşmaktadır. Yaralanma nedenleri arasında en sık düşme (%33,3), darp (%26,7) ve trafik kazası (%22,2) yer almaktadır. Olgularda, mandibula kırığı (%40), diş kırığı (%55,6) ve yumuşak doku lezyonları (%57,8) mevcuttur. Olay tipi ile cinsiyet arasındaki ilişki istatistiksel olarak anlamlıdır (p<0,05). Maksillofasiyal yaralanmaların nedenleri; kadınlarda düşme (%64,3), erkeklerde ise darp (%35,5) ve trafik kazasıdır (%25,8). Sonuç: Maksillofasiyal yaralanma olgularıyla sıklıkla karşılaşan diş hekimlerinin, tedavinin yanı sıra adli bildirim yapma ve adli rapor hazırlama sorumluluğu vardır. Bu nedenle diş hekimleri, lezyonları doğru şekilde kayıt altına almalı ve adli mercilere cevap niteliğindeki sonuç bölümünü rehbere göre düzenlemelidir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Maksillofasiyal yaralanmalar; adli olgu; adli rapor; hukuki sorumluluk
ABSTRACT
Objective: In this descriptive study, forensic reports prepared by the Department of Forensic Medicine of 45 patients who applied to Başkent University Faculty of Dentistry with maxillofacial injury between January 1, 2015 and September 30, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The aim of this study is to inform dentists about the preparation process of forensic report. Material and Methods: Records were retrospectively examined by age, gender, event type, tooth and jaw fractures, as well as soft tissue lesion types and localizations. Descriptive stastics were obtained by data to IBM SPSS 25 package program. The dependency status among the categorical variables of the data was analyzed using the 'Pearson chi-square test' and 'Fisher-Freeman- Halton exact test'. In all hypothesis tests, Type I error probability was determined as α=0.05. Results: Of the cases, 31.1% were women, 68.9% were men, and 66.7% were individuals over the age of 19. Falling (33.3%), battering (26.7%) and traffic accident (22.2%) are the most common causes of injury. There were mandible fractures (40%), tooth fractures (55.6%) and soft tissue lesions (57.8%) in the cases. The relationship between event type and gender was statistically significant (p<0.05). Causes of maxillofacial injuries; falls in women (64.3%), assault in men (35.5%) and traffic accidents (25.8%). Conclusion: Dentists, who frequently encounter cases of maxillofacial injury, have the responsibility of making a forensic notification and preparing a forensic report in addition to treatment. For this reason, dentists should record the lesions correctly and arrange the conclusion part, which is a response to the judicial authorities, according to the guide.

Keywords: Maxillofacial injuries; forensic case; forensic report; legal responsibility
REFERENCES:
  1. Türkmen N, Akgöz S, Çoltu A, Ergin N. Uludağ Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi acil servisine başvuran adli olguların değerlendirilmesi [Evaluation of legal cases admitted to Uludağ University Medical School Emergency Department]. Uludağ Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi. 2005;1(1):25-9. [Link] 
  2. Hancı İH. Hekimin Yasal Sorumlulukları ve Hakları. 2. Baskı. İzmir: Toprak Ofset Mat baacılık Ltd.Sti.; 1999. p.121-31. [Link] 
  3. Güven MKF, Bütün C, Beyaztaş YF, Eren ŞH, Korkmaz İ. Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi hastanesine başvuran adli olguların değerlendirilmesi [Evaluation of forensic cases admitted to Cumhuriyet University Hospital]. ADÜ Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi. 2009;10(3):23-8. [Link] 
  4. Aksoy E, Çoltu A, Ege B, Günaydın G, İnanıcı MA, Karali H, et al. Adli Travmatoloji. Birinci Basamak İçin Adli Tıp El Kitabı. 1. Baskı. Ankara: Türk Tabipler Birliği; 1999. p 83-5.
  5. Resmî Gazete (12.10.2004/25611), 5237 sayılı Türk Ceza Kanunu. [Erişim tarihi: 14.08.2020]. Erişim linki: [Link] 
  6. Resmî Gazete (14.4.1928, Sayı: 863) Tababet ve Şuabati San'atlarinin Tarzı İcrasına Dair Kanun. 1928. p.126. [Erişim tarihi: 14. 08.2020]. Erişim linki: [Link] 
  7. Gündogmus ÜN, Hancı IH. Birinci basamakta adli hekimlik uygulamaları. Sürekli Tıp Egitimi Dergisi. 2003;12(9):341-3. [Link] 
  8. Öztürk H, Koçak A, Aktaş EÖ, Çakır G. 2004-2010 Yılları arasında Ege Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Ağız-Diş ve Çene Cerrahisi Anabilim Dalına gelen çene kırığı olgularının incelenmesi ve bu tür travmalarda diş hekimlerinin yasal sorumluluklarının adli travmatoloji yönünden değerlendirilmesi [Evaluation of jaw fracture cases of Ege University Dentistry Faculty, Department of Oral-Maxillofacial surgery in between 2004-2010 retrospectively and a general view of dentists legal responsibilities in these cases as a point of forensic traumatology]. A.Ü. Diş Hek. Fak. Derg. 2011;38(3): 103-15. [Crossref] 
  9. Koçak A, Aktaş EÖ. Diş Hekimleri ve Diş Hekimliği Öğrencileri İçin Adli Tıp. İzmir: Okullar Yayınevi; 2011. p.1-90:69. ISBN: 97860561795.
  10. Yeşildal Yeter K, Karbeyaz K. Adli olgu olarak değerlendirilen travmatik diş yaralanmaları [Traumatic tooth injuries evaluated as forensic cases]. Mustafa Kemal Üniv Tıp Derg. 2017;8(31):1-6. [Link] 
  11. Tümer AR, Keten A, Karacoğlu E. Adli olgu bildirimi ve adli raporlar [Declaration of legal event and legal reports]. Hacettepe Tıp Dergisi. 2010;41:128-34. [Link] 
  12. Çiftçi ME, Aktan AM, İşman Ö, Aksu Ç. Diş hekimlerinin panoramik radyografide anatomik landmarkları değerlendirmedeki bilgi düzeyleri [Level of konowledge of dentists in evaluation of anatomic landmarks on panoramic radiography]. Atatürk Univ. Diş. Hek. Fak. Derg. 2015;25(2):160-4. [Link] 
  13. Serinken M, Türkçüer I, Acar K, Ozen M. Acil servis hekimleri tarafından düzenlenen adli raporların eksiklik ve yanlışlıklar yönünden değerlendirilmesi [Evaluation of medicolegal reports written by physicians in the emergency unit with regard to deficiencies and mistakes]. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2011;17(1):23-8. Turkish. [Crossref]  [PubMed] 
  14. Pekince A, Çakur B. Adli olgularda rapor hazırlanması ve diş hekiminin sorumlulukları [In forensic cases report preparation and responsibilities of the dentist]. Turkiye Klinikleri J Dental Sci. 2019;25(1):81-9. [Crossref] 
  15. Balcı Y, Çolak B, Gürpınar K, Anolay NN. Türk Ceza Kanunu'nda tanımlanan yaralama suçlarının adli tıp açısından değerlendirilmesi rehberi. Adli Tıp Uzmanları Derneği, Adli Tıp Kurumu Başkanlığı, Adli Tıp Derneği; 2019. [Erişim tarihi: 18.12.2020]. Erişim linki: [Link] 
  16. Yaşar ZF, Büken E. Tooth coding (numbering) systems. ADO Journal of Clinical Sciences. 2012;6(2):1166-72. [Link] 
  17. Özükoç C, Kanat A. Traumatic dental injuries evaluation in preschool children. International Journal of Medical and Biomedical Studies. 2019;3(8):261-7. [Crossref] 
  18. Turla A, Karaarslan EŞ, Karaarslan B. Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi'ne başvuran adli nitelikteki olguların dağılımı (1994-2006) [The evaluation of forensic cases consulted by Ondokuz Mayıs University Faculty of Dentistry (1994-2006)]. Adli Tıp Bülteni. 2006;11(3):104-9. [Crossref] 
  19. Zengin AZ, Celenk P, Sumer AP, Cankaya S. Evaluation of traumatic dental injuries in a group of Turkish population. Niger J Clin Pract. 2015;18(1):86-9. [PubMed] 
  20. Kurt A, Guduk OF, Erbek SM, Baygin O, Tuzuner T. Retrospective evaluation of patients admitted to Karadeniz Technical University Pediatric Dentistry clinic due to trauma. Eur Oral Res. 2019;53(2):74-9. [Crossref]  [PubMed]  [PMC] 
  21. Egemen O, Özkaya Ö, Üsçetin İ, Aksan T, Akan M. Okmeydanı interlandinde mandibula kırıklarının etiyolojik, epidemiyolojik özellikleri: Klinik sonuçlarımızın degerlendirilmesi [Epidemiology and etiological features of mandi- bular fractures in Okmeydani interland: Evaluati- on of our clinical results]. Okmeydanı Tıp Dergisi. 2012;28(2):72-8. [Link] 
  22. Balandız H. Adli olgularda diş yaralan malarının değerlendirilmesi. Gülhane Journal Med. 2017;59:53-6. [Link] 
  23. Gök Y, Balcı Y, Ünüvar Göçeoğlu Ü, Ersoy B. Adli rapor düzenlenen erişkin olgularda cinsiyet farklılığının değerlendirilmesi [Evaluation of gender differences in adults forensic cases]. Turkiye Klinikleri J Foren Sci Leg Med. 2020;17(2):133-41. [Crossref] 
  24. Lam R, Abbott P, Lloyd C, Lloyd C, Kruger E, Tennant M. Dental trauma in an Australian rural centre. Dent Traumatol. 2008;24(6):663-70. [Crossref]  [PubMed] 
  25. Avşar A, Topaloglu B. Traumatic tooth injuries to primary teeth of children aged 0-3 years. Dent Traumatol. 2009;25(3):323-7. [Crossref]  [PubMed] 
  26. Altun C, Ozen B, Esenlik E, Guven G, Gürbüz T, Acikel C, et al. Traumatic injuries to permanent teeth in Turkish children, Ankara. Dent Traumatol. 2009;25(3):309-13. [Crossref]  [PubMed] 
  27. Avşar A. Süt dişlenme döneminde görülen travmatik yaralanmaların daimi dişler üzerine etkisi [The effect of traumatic injuries to the primary dentition on permanent teeth]. Ondokuz Mayıs Üniv Diş Hekim Fak Derg. 2005; 6(1):55-8. [Link] 
  28. Özkan Kalkan E, Akpınar KE, Altuntaş D. Travmaya bağlı komplike kron kırığının tedavisi: Olgu sunumu [Treatment of traumatic complicated crown fracture: Case report]. Atatürk Üniv Diş Hek Fak Derg. 2021;31(1):109-14. [Link] 
  29. Dokgöz H, Afşin H. Çocuk istismarını tespit etmede ve önlemede diş hekiminin rolü. Afşin H, editör. Adli Diş Hekimliği. 1. Baskı. İstanbul: Toprak Ofset; 2004. p.311-23. [Link] 
  30. Kellogg N; American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect. Oral and dental aspects of child abuse and neglect. Pediatrics. 2005;116(6):1565-8. [Crossref]  [PubMed] 
  31. Thorén H, Numminen L, Snäll J, Kormi E, Lindqvist C, Iizuka T, et al. Occurrence and types of dental injuries among patients with maxillofacial fractures. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;39(8):774-8. [Crossref]  [PubMed] 
  32. Stacey DH, Doyle JF, Mount DL, Snyder MC, Gutowski KA. Management of mandible fractures. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006;117(3):48e-60e. [Crossref]  [PubMed] 
  33. Ortakoğlu K, Saraçgil S, Üner E, Şener C. 37 hastada oluşan 63 maksillofasiyal fraktürde retrospektif bir çalışma [A hetmspective study of 63 maxil/otacial fractures occurring in 37 patients]. Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Dişhekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi. 2001;4(2):106-9. [Link] 
  34. Singh NN, Gowhar O, Ain TS, Sultan S. Exploring trends in forensic odontology. J Clin Diagn Res. 2014;8(12):ZC28-30. [PubMed]  [PMC] 
  35. Balachander N, Babu NA, Jimson S, Priyadharsini C, Masthan KM. Evolution of forensic odontology: An overview. J Pharm Bioallied Sci. 2015;7(Suppl 1):S176-80. [PubMed]  [PMC] 

Login



Contact


Ortadoğu Reklam Tanıtım Yayıncılık Turizm Eğitim İnşaat Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş.

.: Address

Turkocagi Caddesi No:30 06520 Balgat / ANKARA
Phone: +90 312 286 56 56
Fax: +90 312 220 04 70
E-mail: info@turkiyeklinikleri.com

.: Manuscript Editing Department

Phone: +90 312 286 56 56/ 2
E-mail: yaziisleri@turkiyeklinikleri.com

.: English Language Redaction

Phone: +90 312 286 56 56/ 145
E-mail: tkyayindestek@turkiyeklinikleri.com

.: Marketing Sales-Project Department

Phone: +90 312 286 56 56/ 142
E-mail: reklam@turkiyeklinikleri.com

.: Subscription and Public Relations Department

Phone: +90 312 286 56 56/ 118
E-mail: abone@turkiyeklinikleri.com

.: Customer Services

Phone: +90 312 286 56 56/ 118
E-mail: satisdestek@turkiyeklinikleri.com

1. TERMS OF USE

1.1. To use the web pages with http://www.turkiyeklinikleri.com domain name or the websites reached through the sub domain names attached to the domain name (They will be collectively referred as "SITE"), please read the conditions below. If you do not accept these terms, please cease to use the "SITE." "SITE" owner reserves the right to change the information on the website, forms, contents, the "SITE," "SITE" terms of use anytime they want.

1.2. The owner of the "SITE" is Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. (From now on it is going to be referred as "Turkiye Klinikleri", shortly) and it resides at Turkocagi cad. No:30, 06520 Balgat Ankara. The services in the "SITE" are provided by "Turkiye Klinikleri."

1.3. Anyone accessing the "SITE" with or without a fee whether they are a natural person or a legal identity is considered to agree these terms of use. In this contract hereby, "Turkiye Klinikleri" may change the stated terms anytime. These changes will be published in the "SITE" periodically and they will be valid when they are published. Any natural person or legal identity benefiting from and reaching to the "SITE" are considered to be agreed to any change on hereby contract terms done by "Turkiye Klinikleri."

1.4. The "Terms of Use" hereby is published in the website with the last change on March 30th 2014 and the "SITE" is activated by enabling the access to everyone. The "Terms of Use" hereby is also a part of the any "USER Contract" was and/or will be done with the users using "Turkiye Klinikleri" services with or without a fee an inseparable.

2. DEFINITIONS

2.1. "SITE": A website offering different kind of services and context with a certain frame determined by "Turkiye Klinikleri" and it is accessible on-line on http://www.turkiyeklinikleri.com domain name and/or subdomains connected to the domain name.

2.2. USER: A natural person or a legal identity accessing to the "SITE" through online settings.

2.3. LINK: A link enabling to access to another website through the "SITE", the files, the context or through another website to the "SITE", the files and the context.

2.4. CONTEXT: Any visual, literary and auditory images published in the "Turkiye Klinikleri", "SITE" and/or any website or any accessible information, file, picture, number/figures, price, etc.

2.5. "USER CONTRACT": An electronically signed contract between a natural or a legal identity benefiting from special services "Turkiye Klinikleri" will provide and "Turkiye Klinikleri".

3. SCOPE OF THE SERVICES

3.1. "Turkiye Klinikleri" is completely free to determine the scope and quality of the services via the "SITE".

3.2. To benefit the services of "Turkiye Klinikleri" "SITE", the "USER" must deliver the features that will be specified by "Turkiye Klinikleri". "Turkiye Klinikleri" may change this necessity any time single-sided.

3.3. Not for a limited number, the services "Turkiye Klinikleri" will provide through the "SITE" for a certain price or for free are;

- Providing scientific articles, books and informative publications for health industry.

- Providing structural, statistical and editorial support to article preparation stage for scientific journals.

4. GENERAL PROVISIONS

4.1. "Turkiye Klinikleri" is completely free to determine which of the services and contents provided in the "SITE" will be charged.

4.2. People benefiting from the services provided by "Turkiye Klinikleri" and using the website can use the "SITE" only according to the law and only for personal reasons. Users have the criminal and civil liability for every process and action they take in the "SITE". Every USER agrees, declares and undertakes that they will not proceed by any function or action infringement of rights of "Turkiye Klinikleri"s and/or other third parties', they are the exclusive right holder on usage, processing, storage, made public and revealing any written, visual or auditory information reported to Turkiye Klinikleri" and/or "SITE" to the third parties. "USER" agrees and undertakes that s/he will not duplicate, copy, distribute, process, the pictures, text, visual and auditory images, video clips, files, databases, catalogs and lists within the "SITE", s/he will not be using these actions or with other ways to compete with "Turkiye Klinikleri", directly or indirectly.

4.3. The services provided and the context published within the "SITE" by third parties is not under the responsibility of "Turkiye Klinikleri", institutions collaborated with "Turkiye Klinikleri", "Turkiye Klinikleri" employee and directors, "Turkiye Klinikleri" authorized salespeople. Commitment to accuracy and legality of the published information, context, visual and auditory images provided by any third party are under the full responsibility of the third party. "Turkiye Klinikleri" does not promise and guarantee the safety, accuracy and legality of the services and context provided by a third party.

4.4. "USER"s cannot act against "Turkiye Klinikleri", other "USER"s and third parties by using the "SITE". "Turkiye Klinikleri" has no direct and/or indirect responsibility for any damage a third party suffered or will suffer regarding "USER"s actions on the "SITE" against the rules of the hereby "Terms of Use" and the law.

4.5. "USER"s accept and undertake that the information and context they provided to the "SITE" are accurate and legal. "Turkiye Klinikleri" is not liable and responsible for promising and guaranteeing the verification of the information and context transmitted to "Turkiye Klinikleri" by the "USER"s, or uploaded, changed and provided through the "SITE" by them and whether these information are safe, accurate and legal.

4.6. "USER"s agree and undertake that they will not perform any action leading to unfair competition, weakening the personal and commercial credit of "Turkiye Klinikleri" and a third party,  encroaching and attacking on personal rights within the "SITE" in accordance with the Turkish Commercial Code Law.

4.7. "Turkiye Klinikleri" reserves the right to change the services and the context within the "SITE"  anytime. "Turkiye Klinikleri" may use this right without any notification and timelessly. "USER"s have to make the changes and/or corrections "Turkiye Klinikleri" required immediately. Any changes and/or corrections that are required by "Turkiye Klinikleri", may be made by "Turkiye Klinikleri" when needed. Any harm, criminal and civil liability resulted or will result from changes and/or corrections required by "Turkiye Klinikleri" and were not made on time by the "USER"s belongs completely to the users.

4.8. "Turkiye Klinikleri" may give links through the "SITE" to other websites and/or "CONTEXT"s and/or folders that are outside of their control and owned and run by third parties. These links are provided for ease of reference only and do not hold qualification for support the respective web SITE or the admin or declaration or guarantee for the information inside. "Turkiye Klinikleri" does not hold any responsibility over the web-sites connected through the links on the "SITE", folders and context, the services or products on the websites provided through these links or their context.

4.9. "Turkiye Klinikleri" may use the information provided to them by the "USERS" through the "SITE" in line with the terms of the "PRIVACY POLICY" and "USER CONTRACT". It may process the information or classify and save them on a database. "Turkiye Klinikleri" may also use the USER's or visitor's identity, address, e-mail address, phone number, IP number, which sections of the "SITE" they visited, domain type, browser type, date and time information to provide statistical evaluation and customized services.

5. PROPRIETARY RIGHTS

5.1. The information accessed through this "SITE" or provided by the users legally and all the elements (including but not limited to design, text, image, html code and other codes) of the "SITE" (all of them will be called as studies tied to "Turkiye Klinikleri"s copyrights) belongs to "Turkiye Klinikleri". Users do not have the right to resell, process, share, distribute, display or give someone permission to access or to use the "Turkiye Klinikleri" services, "Turkiye Klinikleri" information and the products under copyright protection by "Turkiye Klinikleri". Within hereby "Terms of Use" unless explicitly permitted by "Turkiye Klinikleri" nobody can reproduce, process, distribute or produce or prepare any study from those under "Turkiye Klinikleri" copyright protection.

5.2. Within hereby "Terms of Use", "Turkiye Klinikleri" reserves the rights for "Turkiye Klinikleri" services, "Turkiye Klinikleri" information, the products associated with "Turkiye Klinikleri" copyrights, "Turkiye Klinikleri" trademarks, "Turkiye Klinikleri" trade looks or its all rights for other entity and information it has through this website unless it is explicitly authorized by "Turkiye Klinikleri".

6. CHANGES IN THE TERMS OF USE

"Turkiye Klinikleri" in its sole discretion may change the hereby "Terms of Use" anytime announcing within the "SITE". The changed terms of the hereby "Terms of Use" will become valid when they are announced. Hereby "Terms of Use" cannot be changed by unilateral declarations of users.

7. FORCE MAJEURE

"Turkiye Klinikleri" is not responsible for executing late or never of this hereby "Terms of Use", privacy policy and "USER Contract" in any situation legally taken into account as force majeure. Being late or failure of performance or non-defaulting of this and similar cases like this will not be the case from the viewpoint of "Turkiye Klinikleri", and "Turkiye Klinikleri" will not have any damage liability for these situations. "Force majeure" term will be regarded as outside of the concerned party's reasonable control and any situation that "Turkiye Klinikleri" cannot prevent even though it shows due diligence. Also, force majeure situations include but not limited to natural disasters, rebellion, war, strike, communication problems, infrastructure and internet failure, power cut and bad weather conditions.

8. LAW AND AUTHORISATION TO FOLLOW

Turkish Law will be applied in practicing, interpreting the hereby "Terms of Use" and managing the emerging legal relationships within this "Terms of Use" in case of finding element of foreignness, except for the rules of Turkish conflict of laws. Ankara Courts and Enforcement Offices are entitled in any controversy happened or may happen due to hereby contract.

9. CLOSING AND AGREEMENT

Hereby "Terms of Use" come into force when announced in the "SITE" by "Turkiye Klinikleri". The users are regarded to agree to hereby contract terms by using the "SITE". "Turkiye Klinikleri" may change the contract terms and the changes will be come into force by specifying the version number and the date of change on time it is published in the "SITE".

 

30.03.2014

Privacy Policy

We recommend you to read the terms of use below before you visit our website. In case you agree these terms, following our rules will be to your favor. Please read our Terms of Use thoroughly.

www.turkiyeklinikleri.com website belongs to Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. and is designed in order to inform physicians in the field of health

www.turkiyeklinikleri.com cannot reach to user’s identity, address, service providers or other information. The users may send this information to the website through forms if they would like to. However, www.turkiyeklinikleri.com may collect your hardware and software information. The information consists of your IP address, browser type, operating system, domain name, access time, and related websites. www.turkiyeklinikleri.com cannot sell the provided user information (your name, e-mail address, home and work address, phone number) to the third parties, publish it publicly, or keep it in the website. Gathered information has a directing feature to be a source for the website’s visitor profile, reporting and promotion of the services.

www.turkiyeklinikleri.com uses the taken information:

-To enhance, improve and maintain the quality of the website

-To generate visitor’s profile and statistical data

-To determine the tendency of the visitors on using our website

-To send print publications/correspondences

-To send press releases or notifications through e-mail

-To generate a list for an event or competition

By using www.turkiyeklinikleri.com you are considered to agree that;

-Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. cannot be hold responsible for any user’s illegal and immoral behavior,

-Terms of use may change from time to time,

-It is not responsible for other websites’ contents it cannot control or the harms they may cause although it uses the connection they provided.

Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. may block the website to users in the following events:

-Information with wrong, incomplete, deceiving or immoral expressions is recorded to the website,

-Proclamation, advertisement, announcement, libelous expressions are used against natural person or legal identity,

-During various attacks to the website,

-Disruption of the website because of a virus.

Written, visual and audible materials of the website, including the code and the software are under protection by legal legislation.

Without the written consent of Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. the information on the website cannot be downloaded, changed, reproduced, copied, republished, posted or distributed.

All rights of the software and the design of the website belong to Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc.

Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. will be pleased to hear your comments about our terms of use. Please share the subjects you think may enrich our website or if there is any problem regarding our website.

info@turkiyeklinikleri.com