Journal of Traditional Medical Complementary Therapies

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Gebelerin, Geleneksel ve Tamamlayıcı Tıp Uygulamalarını Bilme ve Gastrointestinal Sistem Semptomlarında Kullanma Durumları
Pregnant Women's Knowledge of Traditional and Complementary Medicine and Use of for Gastrointestinal System Symptoms
Özlem CAN GÜRKANa, Eda ŞİMŞEK ŞAHİNb, Ayşe GÖÇERc, Aslı ÇUHADARd, Bahar ÇITLAKe, Gülsüm ÇELİKf
aMarmara Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Doğum ve Kadın Hastalıkları Hemşireliği ABD, İstanbul, TÜRKİYE
bGazi Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi, Doğum ve Kadın Hastalıkları Hemşireliği ABD, Ankara, TÜRKİYE
cİstanbul Beykoz Devlet Hastanesi, İstanbul, TÜRKİYE d Acıbadem Altunizade Hastanesi, İstanbul, TÜRKİYE
dMedeniyet Üniversitesi Göztepe Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, İstanbul, TÜRKİYE
eBeylikdüzü Devlet Hastanesi, İstanbul, TÜRKİYE
J Tradit Complem Med. 2021;4(1):45-56
doi: 10.5336/jtracom.2020-78933
Article Language: TR
ÖZET
Amaç: Çalışma, gebelerin, geleneksel ve tamamlayıcı tıp (GETAT) uygulamalarını bilme ve gastrointestinal sistem (GİS) semptomlarını azaltmak için kullanma durumlarını değerlendirmek amacıyla gerçekleştirilmiştir. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Tanımlayıcı ve kesitsel tip- teki araştırmanın evrenini, 1 Ocak 2017-30 Nisan 2017 tarihleri arasında Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi Zeynep Kâmil Kadın ve Çocuk Hastalıkları Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesinin Gebe İzlem polikliniğine başvuran tüm gebeler, örneklemini ise 37. ve üzeri gebelik haftasında, tekiz ge beliği olan ve gebeliği sürecinde en az 1 GİS şikâyeti yaşayan 297 gebe kadın oluşturmuştur. Veriler, anket formu kullanılarak elde edilmiş, veri toplamada öz bildirim tekniği kullanılmıştır. Veriler; t-testi, ki-kare testi, Bonferroni testi, yüzde ve aritmetik ortalama kullanılarak değerlendirilmiştir. Bulgular: Araştırmaya katılan gebelerin yaş ortalaması 29±5,8 yıl, ortalama gebelik haftaları 38±1,2 hafta belirlenmiştir. Araştırmada, gebelik öncesi en az bir GETAT yöntemi kullananların oranı %50,8, kullanılan yöntemlerin ise masaj (%33,3), bitkisel ürünler (%27,3) ve müzik terapi (%24,6) olduğu belirlendi. Gebelerin, en sık yaşadıkları GİS şikâyetinin %80,1 oranında mide yanması, %68 bulantı-kusma, %55,6 ağız kuruluğu ve %52,2 diş eti kanaması olduğu belirlendi. Katılımcıların, mide yanması şikâyeti için süt tercih ettiği (%17,2); bulantı-kusmayla nane limon (%3,5) ve dikkati başka yöne çekerek baş etmeye çalıştığı (%3); ağız kuruluğu için su içtiği (%43,3); diş eti kanaması için tuz/karbonatla gargara yaptığı (%7,1) bulunmuştur. Sonuç: Gebelerin yarıya yakınının, gebelik öncesi GETAT kullandıkları, gebelikte büyük oranda GİS semptomları yaşadıkları, ancak GİS semptomlarını yönetmek için kanıt temelli GETAT kullanımının sınırlı olduğu belirlenmiştir. GETAT kullanımı hakkında toplumda farkındalık oluşturmak için kitle iletişim araçlarının kullanılması, gebelik semptomlarının yönetiminde kullanılabilecek kanıt temelli GETAT uygulamaları hakkında gebelere danışmanlık verilmesi önerilmektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Gebelik; gastrointestinal semptomlar; geleneksel ve tamamlayıcı tıp
ABSTRACT
Objective: This study aims to explore the knowledge of pregnant women about traditional and complementary medicine (TCM) practise and use of them to reduce gastrointestinal system symptoms (GIS) during pregnancy. Material and Methods: This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study that inclued all pregnant women who came to the Sağlık Bilimleri University Zeynep Kâmil Public Hospital between January-April 2017. No sampling was performed in the study. 297 pregnant women who appropriate the in clusion criteria that having single fetus, 37th and above gestational week and had at least 1 GIS complaint during the pregnancy were included in the study.The data were collected through a questionnaire with by self report.Statistical data analysis was carried out using t-test, chi-square test, Benforroni test, percentage and arithmetic mean. Results: The mean of age was 29 ±5.8 years, gestational week was 38±1.2 weeks participating in the study. The rate of women using at least one TCM before pregnancy was determined 50.8%. TCM, which are the most preferred by women before pregnancy, are massage (33.3%), herbal products (27.3%) and music therapy (24.6%). It was determined the most common GIS complaints at pregnancy which were 80.1% heartburn, 68% nausea-vomiting, 55.6% dry mouth and 52.2% gingival bleeding. Participants was preferred milk (17.2%) for heartburn; mint-lemon tea (3.5%) and distraction techniques (3%) for nausea and vomiting; water (43.3%) for dry mouth; gargling with salt/carbonate (7.1%). Conclusion: It was determined that nearly half of the pregnant women used TCM before pregnancy, a lot of women experienced GIS symptoms during pregnancy, but the use of evidence-based TCM to manage GIS symptoms was limited. It is recommended to use mass media to raise public awareness about TCM use and giving consulty to women about evidence-based TCM practices that can be used in the management of GIS symptoms by the health professionals.

Keywords: Pregnancy; gastrointestinal tract; traditional and complementary medicine
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4.9. "Turkiye Klinikleri" may use the information provided to them by the "USERS" through the "SITE" in line with the terms of the "PRIVACY POLICY" and "USER CONTRACT". It may process the information or classify and save them on a database. "Turkiye Klinikleri" may also use the USER's or visitor's identity, address, e-mail address, phone number, IP number, which sections of the "SITE" they visited, domain type, browser type, date and time information to provide statistical evaluation and customized services.

5. PROPRIETARY RIGHTS

5.1. The information accessed through this "SITE" or provided by the users legally and all the elements (including but not limited to design, text, image, html code and other codes) of the "SITE" (all of them will be called as studies tied to "Turkiye Klinikleri"s copyrights) belongs to "Turkiye Klinikleri". Users do not have the right to resell, process, share, distribute, display or give someone permission to access or to use the "Turkiye Klinikleri" services, "Turkiye Klinikleri" information and the products under copyright protection by "Turkiye Klinikleri". Within hereby "Terms of Use" unless explicitly permitted by "Turkiye Klinikleri" nobody can reproduce, process, distribute or produce or prepare any study from those under "Turkiye Klinikleri" copyright protection.

5.2. Within hereby "Terms of Use", "Turkiye Klinikleri" reserves the rights for "Turkiye Klinikleri" services, "Turkiye Klinikleri" information, the products associated with "Turkiye Klinikleri" copyrights, "Turkiye Klinikleri" trademarks, "Turkiye Klinikleri" trade looks or its all rights for other entity and information it has through this website unless it is explicitly authorized by "Turkiye Klinikleri".

6. CHANGES IN THE TERMS OF USE

"Turkiye Klinikleri" in its sole discretion may change the hereby "Terms of Use" anytime announcing within the "SITE". The changed terms of the hereby "Terms of Use" will become valid when they are announced. Hereby "Terms of Use" cannot be changed by unilateral declarations of users.

7. FORCE MAJEURE

"Turkiye Klinikleri" is not responsible for executing late or never of this hereby "Terms of Use", privacy policy and "USER Contract" in any situation legally taken into account as force majeure. Being late or failure of performance or non-defaulting of this and similar cases like this will not be the case from the viewpoint of "Turkiye Klinikleri", and "Turkiye Klinikleri" will not have any damage liability for these situations. "Force majeure" term will be regarded as outside of the concerned party's reasonable control and any situation that "Turkiye Klinikleri" cannot prevent even though it shows due diligence. Also, force majeure situations include but not limited to natural disasters, rebellion, war, strike, communication problems, infrastructure and internet failure, power cut and bad weather conditions.

8. LAW AND AUTHORISATION TO FOLLOW

Turkish Law will be applied in practicing, interpreting the hereby "Terms of Use" and managing the emerging legal relationships within this "Terms of Use" in case of finding element of foreignness, except for the rules of Turkish conflict of laws. Ankara Courts and Enforcement Offices are entitled in any controversy happened or may happen due to hereby contract.

9. CLOSING AND AGREEMENT

Hereby "Terms of Use" come into force when announced in the "SITE" by "Turkiye Klinikleri". The users are regarded to agree to hereby contract terms by using the "SITE". "Turkiye Klinikleri" may change the contract terms and the changes will be come into force by specifying the version number and the date of change on time it is published in the "SITE".

 

30.03.2014

Privacy Policy

We recommend you to read the terms of use below before you visit our website. In case you agree these terms, following our rules will be to your favor. Please read our Terms of Use thoroughly.

www.turkiyeklinikleri.com website belongs to Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. and is designed in order to inform physicians in the field of health

www.turkiyeklinikleri.com cannot reach to user’s identity, address, service providers or other information. The users may send this information to the website through forms if they would like to. However, www.turkiyeklinikleri.com may collect your hardware and software information. The information consists of your IP address, browser type, operating system, domain name, access time, and related websites. www.turkiyeklinikleri.com cannot sell the provided user information (your name, e-mail address, home and work address, phone number) to the third parties, publish it publicly, or keep it in the website. Gathered information has a directing feature to be a source for the website’s visitor profile, reporting and promotion of the services.

www.turkiyeklinikleri.com uses the taken information:

-To enhance, improve and maintain the quality of the website

-To generate visitor’s profile and statistical data

-To determine the tendency of the visitors on using our website

-To send print publications/correspondences

-To send press releases or notifications through e-mail

-To generate a list for an event or competition

By using www.turkiyeklinikleri.com you are considered to agree that;

-Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. cannot be hold responsible for any user’s illegal and immoral behavior,

-Terms of use may change from time to time,

-It is not responsible for other websites’ contents it cannot control or the harms they may cause although it uses the connection they provided.

Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. may block the website to users in the following events:

-Information with wrong, incomplete, deceiving or immoral expressions is recorded to the website,

-Proclamation, advertisement, announcement, libelous expressions are used against natural person or legal identity,

-During various attacks to the website,

-Disruption of the website because of a virus.

Written, visual and audible materials of the website, including the code and the software are under protection by legal legislation.

Without the written consent of Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. the information on the website cannot be downloaded, changed, reproduced, copied, republished, posted or distributed.

All rights of the software and the design of the website belong to Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc.

Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. will be pleased to hear your comments about our terms of use. Please share the subjects you think may enrich our website or if there is any problem regarding our website.

info@turkiyeklinikleri.com