Journal of Literature Pharmacy Sciences

Geleneksel Çin Tıbbı ve Kullanılan Bitkiler: Geleneksel Derleme
Traditional Chinese Medicine and Plants: Traditional Review
Pelin TAŞTANa
aEge Üniversitesi Eczacılık Fakültesi, Farmakognozi ABD, İzmir, TÜRKİYE
J Lit Pharm Sci. 2021;10(3):285-95
doi: 10.5336/pharmsci.2020-79574
Article Language: TR
Full Text
ÖZET
Tarih boyunca insanlığın var olmasıyla beraber, çeşitli hastalıklar ortaya çıkmış ve bu hastalıklara çözüm bulmak için doğadan ve deneyimlerden edinilen bilgilerle geleneksel tedavi yöntemlerinin ve dolayısıyla da geleneksel tıbbın temelleri atılmıştır. Dünya genelinde pek çok farklı geleneksel tıp uygulamaları ve bunlara ait farklı tedavi yöntemleri bulunmaktadır. Bu çalışma kapsamında, günümüzde dahi kullanımı yaygın olan tedavi yöntemlerini içinde barındıran geleneksel Çin tıbbı üzerinde durulmuştur. Geleneksel Çin tıbbı, birçok tedavi metodunun çok büyük bir hızla güncelliğini kaybettiği ve yerini modern tıp tedavi yöntemlerine bıraktığı günümüz koşullarında bile önemini korumaktadır. Hatta gün geçtikçe geleneksel Çin tıbbı üzerindeki ilgi yoğunlaşmaktadır. Bu yüzden bu derlemede, geleneksel Çin tıbbının tarihçesi, kaynakları, tedavi yöntemleri, esasları ve prensipleri hakkındaki literatür çalışmaları incelenerek değerlendirilmiştir. Bunun yanı sıra geleneksel Çin tıbbında tedavide kullanılan bitkilerden bahsedilmiş, yapılmış olan çalışmalar esas alınarak bu bitkilerin önemi vurgulanmış ve en sık kullanılan bitkiler üzerinde durulmuştur. Günümüzde hâlâ kullanılmakta olan tedavi yöntemleri hakkında bilgiler verilmiş, modern tıp uygulamaları ile benzerliklerine değinilmiştir. Bunun yanında, bu uygulamaların güncelliğini korumasından dolayı gelecekte atılması uygun olan adımların önemi belirtilmiştir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Geleneksel tıp; Çin tıbbı; qi enerjisi; akupunktur; tıbbi bitkiler
ABSTRACT
Throughout history, with the existence of humanity, various diseases have arisen, and in order to find solutions to these diseases, the foundations of traditional treatment methods and therefore traditional medicine have been laid with the knowledge obtained from nature and experience. There are many different traditional treatment methods around the world. In this study, traditional Chinese medicine, which includes the most common treatment methods even today, has been focused on. Traditional Chinese medicine maintains its importance even in today's conditions, where many treatment methods are rapidly becoming outdated and replaced by modern medical treatment methods. In fact, interest in traditional Chinese medicine is increasing day by day. Therefore, in this review, the history of traditional Chinese medicine, treatment methods, principles and literature studies used have been examined and evaluated. In addition, the plants used in traditional Chinese medicine were mentioned, the importance of these plants was emphasized based on the studies conducted and the most frequently used plants were emphasized. The treatment methods that are still used today are mentioned, and their similarities with modern medical practices are mentioned. In addition, the importance of the appropriate steps to be taken in the future was emphasized, since these applications are kept up to date.

Keywords: Traditional medicine; Chinese medicine; qi energy; acupuncture; medicinal herbs
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4.5. "USER"s accept and undertake that the information and context they provided to the "SITE" are accurate and legal. "Turkiye Klinikleri" is not liable and responsible for promising and guaranteeing the verification of the information and context transmitted to "Turkiye Klinikleri" by the "USER"s, or uploaded, changed and provided through the "SITE" by them and whether these information are safe, accurate and legal.

4.6. "USER"s agree and undertake that they will not perform any action leading to unfair competition, weakening the personal and commercial credit of "Turkiye Klinikleri" and a third party,  encroaching and attacking on personal rights within the "SITE" in accordance with the Turkish Commercial Code Law.

4.7. "Turkiye Klinikleri" reserves the right to change the services and the context within the "SITE"  anytime. "Turkiye Klinikleri" may use this right without any notification and timelessly. "USER"s have to make the changes and/or corrections "Turkiye Klinikleri" required immediately. Any changes and/or corrections that are required by "Turkiye Klinikleri", may be made by "Turkiye Klinikleri" when needed. Any harm, criminal and civil liability resulted or will result from changes and/or corrections required by "Turkiye Klinikleri" and were not made on time by the "USER"s belongs completely to the users.

4.8. "Turkiye Klinikleri" may give links through the "SITE" to other websites and/or "CONTEXT"s and/or folders that are outside of their control and owned and run by third parties. These links are provided for ease of reference only and do not hold qualification for support the respective web SITE or the admin or declaration or guarantee for the information inside. "Turkiye Klinikleri" does not hold any responsibility over the web-sites connected through the links on the "SITE", folders and context, the services or products on the websites provided through these links or their context.

4.9. "Turkiye Klinikleri" may use the information provided to them by the "USERS" through the "SITE" in line with the terms of the "PRIVACY POLICY" and "USER CONTRACT". It may process the information or classify and save them on a database. "Turkiye Klinikleri" may also use the USER's or visitor's identity, address, e-mail address, phone number, IP number, which sections of the "SITE" they visited, domain type, browser type, date and time information to provide statistical evaluation and customized services.

5. PROPRIETARY RIGHTS

5.1. The information accessed through this "SITE" or provided by the users legally and all the elements (including but not limited to design, text, image, html code and other codes) of the "SITE" (all of them will be called as studies tied to "Turkiye Klinikleri"s copyrights) belongs to "Turkiye Klinikleri". Users do not have the right to resell, process, share, distribute, display or give someone permission to access or to use the "Turkiye Klinikleri" services, "Turkiye Klinikleri" information and the products under copyright protection by "Turkiye Klinikleri". Within hereby "Terms of Use" unless explicitly permitted by "Turkiye Klinikleri" nobody can reproduce, process, distribute or produce or prepare any study from those under "Turkiye Klinikleri" copyright protection.

5.2. Within hereby "Terms of Use", "Turkiye Klinikleri" reserves the rights for "Turkiye Klinikleri" services, "Turkiye Klinikleri" information, the products associated with "Turkiye Klinikleri" copyrights, "Turkiye Klinikleri" trademarks, "Turkiye Klinikleri" trade looks or its all rights for other entity and information it has through this website unless it is explicitly authorized by "Turkiye Klinikleri".

6. CHANGES IN THE TERMS OF USE

"Turkiye Klinikleri" in its sole discretion may change the hereby "Terms of Use" anytime announcing within the "SITE". The changed terms of the hereby "Terms of Use" will become valid when they are announced. Hereby "Terms of Use" cannot be changed by unilateral declarations of users.

7. FORCE MAJEURE

"Turkiye Klinikleri" is not responsible for executing late or never of this hereby "Terms of Use", privacy policy and "USER Contract" in any situation legally taken into account as force majeure. Being late or failure of performance or non-defaulting of this and similar cases like this will not be the case from the viewpoint of "Turkiye Klinikleri", and "Turkiye Klinikleri" will not have any damage liability for these situations. "Force majeure" term will be regarded as outside of the concerned party's reasonable control and any situation that "Turkiye Klinikleri" cannot prevent even though it shows due diligence. Also, force majeure situations include but not limited to natural disasters, rebellion, war, strike, communication problems, infrastructure and internet failure, power cut and bad weather conditions.

8. LAW AND AUTHORISATION TO FOLLOW

Turkish Law will be applied in practicing, interpreting the hereby "Terms of Use" and managing the emerging legal relationships within this "Terms of Use" in case of finding element of foreignness, except for the rules of Turkish conflict of laws. Ankara Courts and Enforcement Offices are entitled in any controversy happened or may happen due to hereby contract.

9. CLOSING AND AGREEMENT

Hereby "Terms of Use" come into force when announced in the "SITE" by "Turkiye Klinikleri". The users are regarded to agree to hereby contract terms by using the "SITE". "Turkiye Klinikleri" may change the contract terms and the changes will be come into force by specifying the version number and the date of change on time it is published in the "SITE".

 

30.03.2014

Privacy Policy

We recommend you to read the terms of use below before you visit our website. In case you agree these terms, following our rules will be to your favor. Please read our Terms of Use thoroughly.

www.turkiyeklinikleri.com website belongs to Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. and is designed in order to inform physicians in the field of health

www.turkiyeklinikleri.com cannot reach to user’s identity, address, service providers or other information. The users may send this information to the website through forms if they would like to. However, www.turkiyeklinikleri.com may collect your hardware and software information. The information consists of your IP address, browser type, operating system, domain name, access time, and related websites. www.turkiyeklinikleri.com cannot sell the provided user information (your name, e-mail address, home and work address, phone number) to the third parties, publish it publicly, or keep it in the website. Gathered information has a directing feature to be a source for the website’s visitor profile, reporting and promotion of the services.

www.turkiyeklinikleri.com uses the taken information:

-To enhance, improve and maintain the quality of the website

-To generate visitor’s profile and statistical data

-To determine the tendency of the visitors on using our website

-To send print publications/correspondences

-To send press releases or notifications through e-mail

-To generate a list for an event or competition

By using www.turkiyeklinikleri.com you are considered to agree that;

-Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. cannot be hold responsible for any user’s illegal and immoral behavior,

-Terms of use may change from time to time,

-It is not responsible for other websites’ contents it cannot control or the harms they may cause although it uses the connection they provided.

Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. may block the website to users in the following events:

-Information with wrong, incomplete, deceiving or immoral expressions is recorded to the website,

-Proclamation, advertisement, announcement, libelous expressions are used against natural person or legal identity,

-During various attacks to the website,

-Disruption of the website because of a virus.

Written, visual and audible materials of the website, including the code and the software are under protection by legal legislation.

Without the written consent of Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. the information on the website cannot be downloaded, changed, reproduced, copied, republished, posted or distributed.

All rights of the software and the design of the website belong to Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc.

Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. will be pleased to hear your comments about our terms of use. Please share the subjects you think may enrich our website or if there is any problem regarding our website.

info@turkiyeklinikleri.com