Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Sports Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Kadın ve Erkek Sporcularda Anaerobik Performans ve Reaktif Çeviklik Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi: Kesitsel Bir Çalışma
Investigation of the Relationship Between Anaerobic Performance and Reactive Agility in Female and Male Athletes: A Cross-Sectional Study
Erkan TORTUa, Bihter AKINOĞLUa,b, Adnan HASANOĞLUc, Tuğba KOCAHANd
aGençlik ve Spor Bakanlığı, Spor Hizmetleri Genel Müdürlüğü, Sporcu Sağlığı, Performans ve Hizmet Kalitesi Dairesi Başkanlığı, Ankara, Türkiye
bAnkara Yıldırım Beyazıt Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Fizyoterapi ve Rehabilitasyon Bölümü, Ankara, Türkiye
cGençlik ve Spor Bakanlığı, Sağlık İşleri Dairesi Başkanlığı, Sporcu Eğitim Sağlık ve Araştırma Merkezi, Ankara, Türkiye
dSağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi Gülhane Tıp Fakültesi, Spor Hekimliği ABD, Ankara, Türkiye
Turkiye Klinikleri J Sports Sci. 2022;14(1):49-55
doi: 10.5336/sportsci.2021-85051
Article Language: TR
Full Text
ÖZET
Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, kadın ve erkek sporcularda anaerobik performans ve reaktif çeviklik arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemektir. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Çalışmaya tenis, güreş, karate, tekvando ve judo branşlarından 60'ı kadın, 60'ı erkek olmak üzere toplam 120 sporcu dâhil edilmiştir. Sporcuların anaerobik performansı Wingate testi ile reaktif çeviklik performansı kapalı bir alanda SpeedCourt' sisteminde değerlendirildi. Değişkenler arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemek amacıyla Pearson korelasyon analizi kullanılmıştır. İstatistiksel hata düzeyi p<0,05 olarak belirlenmiştir. Bulgular: Çalışmanın sonucunda, kadın sporcuların erkek sporculara göre anaerobik güç ve reaktif çevikliğinin daha az olduğu belirlenmiştir (p<0,05). Sporcuların, anaerobik performans ile reaktif çevikliği arasındaki ilişki incelendiğinde, kadın sporcularda rölatif ortalama güç ve rölatif zirve güç ile reaktif çeviklik performansları arasında negatif yönde düşük ve orta düzeyde (r=-521, r=-625) anlamlı ilişki olduğu (p<0,05); erkek sporcularda negatif yönde orta ve yüksek düzeyde (r=-621, r=-839) anlamlı ilişki olduğu belirlenmiştir (p<0,05). Kadın sporcularda rölatif zirve güç değerinin, reaktif çevikliğin %39'unu (R2=0,391); erkek sporcularda %70'ini (R2=0,704) açıkladığı belirlenmiştir. Sonuç: Çalışmanın sonuçları doğrultusunda yüksek patlayıcı güç değerlerine sahip sporcuların daha iyi reaktif çeviklik performansı sergiledikleri söylenebilir. Özellikle erkek sporcularda anaerobik güç, reaktif çeviklik becerisinin büyük bir kısmını karşılamaktadır. Bu nedenle özellikle erkek sporcularda ve reaktif çevikliğin spor performansına yüksek katkı sağladığı spor branşlarında, anaerobik güç ve kapasitenin geliştirilmesine yönelik antrenmanların yapılması önerilmektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: SpeedCourt; spor; Wingate; performans
ABSTRACT
Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between anaerobic performance and reactive agility in male and female athletes. Material and Methods: A total of 120 athletes, 60 women and 60 men, from tennis, wrestling, karate, taekwondo and judo branches were included in the study. The anaerobic performance of the athletes was evaluated with the Wingate test, the reactive agility performance in a SpeedCourt' system in a confined space. Pearson's correlation analysis was used to examine the relationship between variables. Statistical error level was determined as p<0.05. Results: As a result of our study, it was determined that female athletes had less anaerobic power and reactive agility compared to male athletes (p<0.05). When the relationship between anaerobic performance and reactive agility of athletes was examined, it was found that there is a negative low and moderate (r=-521, r=-625) significant relationship between female athletes' relative average power and relative peak power and reactive agility performances (p<0.05). It was determined that there was a medium and high level (r=-621, r=-839) significant negative correlation in male athletes (p<0.05). In female athletes, 39% of the relative peak power value, reactive agility (R2=0.391); it was determined that it explained 70% (R2=0.704) of male athletes. Conclusion: In line with the results of this study, it can be said that athletes with high explosive power values exhibit better reactive agility performance. Especially in male athletes, anaerobic power meets the majority of reactive agility ability. For this reason, training to develop anaerobic power and capacity, especially in male athletes and in sports branches where reactive agility contributes greatly to sports performance is recommended.

Keywords: SpeedCourt; sport; Wingate; performance
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