Kafes Kuslari Hastaliklarinda Ilacla Tedavi Secenekleri

Kafes Kuşlarının Gastrointestinal Sistem Hastalıklarının Tedavileri
Treatment of Gastrointestinal System Diseases in Cage Birds
Murat KANBURa, Öznur ASLANb, Sinem ÇALIMLIa
aErciyes Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi, Farmakoloji ve Toksikoloji ABD, Kayseri, TÜRKİYE
bErciyes Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi, İç Hastalıkları ABD, Kayseri, TÜRKİYE
Kanbur M, Aslan Ö, Çalımlı S. Kafes kuşlarının gastrointestinal sistem hastalıklarının tedavileri. İnce S, editör. Kafes Kuşları Hastalıklarında İlaçla Tedavi Seçenekleri. 1. Baskı. Ankara: Türkiye Klinikleri; 2020. p.11-20.
Article Language: TR
ÖZET
Kafes kuşlarında gastrointestinal hastalıklar yaygın olarak görülmektedir. Bu hayvan türlerinde, klinik belirtilerin ortaya çıktığı durumlarda tedavi seçenekleri genellikle hidrasyonun sürdürülmesi, kalori alımının devam ettirilmesi, vücut ısısının korunması, stresin azaltılması, peristaltik hareketlerinin devam ettirilmesi esaslarına dayanmaktadır. Kafes kuşlarının gastrointestinal sistem hastalıklarında bu amaçlara yönelik olarak günlük sıvı ihtiyacını karşılamak için oral, intravenöz, istraosseous veya deri altı yolla sıvı sağaltımı uygulamalarına başvurulmaktadır. Bu uygulamaların yanında iştahsız, vücut ağırlığı normalden düşük olan ve bu ağırlığı koruyamayan kuşlarda sonda ile besleme uygulamaları yapılmaktadır. Hayvanlarda stresin azaltılması amacıyla hasta olan kafes kuşlarının kedi ve köpeklerden uzak tutulmaya çalışılması da önemli olabilmektedir. Kafes kuşlarında peristaltik hareketlerin azalması durumunda metoklorpramid ve sisaprid gibi benzamid türevi bağırsak hareketi artıran ilaçların kullanımına ile hayvanların içtikleri suların asetik asit veya elma asidi ile asitleştirilmesi ve bu sulara probiyotiklerin katılması uygun tedavi şekillerindendir. Şiddetli gastroenteritis ve ülser gibi olgularda mineral takviyesi ve sükralfat verilmesi ile sindirim sistemini koruyucu uygulamalar yapılmaktadır. Ancak kafes kuşlarının gastrointestinal sistem hastalıklarının önemli bir kısmının bakteri, virus, mantar veya parazit kaynaklı olması nedeniyle genel tedavi uygulamaları yanında etkene bağlı antimikrobiyal ve antiparaziter ilaç uygulamalarının da yapılması gerekmektedir. Bu derleme kapsamında evcil kafes kuşlarında yaygın olarak görülen paraziter, bakteriyel ve viral hastalıklar ile bu hastalıkların tedavileri hakkında bilgi verildi.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Gastrointestinal kanal; kuş hastalıkları; tedavi; anti-enfektif ajanlar; antiparazitik ajanlar
ABSTRACT
Gastrointestinal diseases are common in cage birds. In these animal species, in the presence of clinical symptoms, treatment options are usually based on maintaining hydration, maintaining calorie intake, maintaining body temperature, reducing stress, and maintaining peristaltic movements. In order to reach this purposes, it is applied fluid treatment as intravenous, istraosseous or subcutaneous. In addition to these applications, anorexic and low body weight birds are fed with catheters. In order to reduce stress in animals, it may also be important to try to keep away from cats and dogs. In case of reduced peristaltic movements benzamide-derived drugs such as metochlorpramide and cisapride should be used; to increase bowel movement and acidification of animal drinking waters are added acetic acid or apple acid; also the addition of probiotics to these waters are suitable treatment methods. In cases of severe gastroenteritis and ulcers, also kaolin and sucralfate are given to prevent digestive symptoms. meet However, diseases of bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic gastrointestinal system are common in cage birds, it is necessary to apply antimicrobial and antiparasitic drugs as well as general treatment. In this review, parasitic, bacterial and viral diseases commonly seen in domestic cage birds and their treatment are discussed.

Keywords: Gastrointestinal tract; bird diseases; therapy; anti-infective agents; antiparasitic agents

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