Journal of Literature Pharmacy Sciences

Kalıcı Dövme ve Kına Tipi Geçici Dövmeler: Sağlık Riskleri: Sistematik Derleme
Tattoos and Temporary Henna Tattoos: Health Risks: Systematic Review
Ayça AKTAŞ ŞÜKÜROĞLUa
aMersin Üniversitesi Eczacılık Fakültesi, Farmasötik Toksikoloji ABD, Mersin, Türkiye
J Lit Pharm Sci. 2022;11(1):24-34
doi: 10.5336/pharmsci.2021-85539
Article Language: TR
Full Text
ÖZET
Dövme uygulaması özellikle genç popülasyonda geçmişe oranla daha fazla tercih edilen bir olgu haline gelmiştir. Dövmenin birden fazla çeşidi olmasına rağmen bu derlemede, kalıcı dövme ve kına tipi geçici dövme incelenecektir. Kalıcı dövme; dövme makinesi ve diğer iğneler yardımıyla boyanın alt deriye işlenmesi sonucu oluşan, bu boyaların deri tarafından yok edilemediği bir vücut süsleme sanatıdır. Kalıcı dövmenin içeriği organik ve inorganik boyalardan oluşmaktadır ve bu boyaların cilde enjeksiyonu, Amerikan İlaç Dairesi [Food and Drug Agency (FDA)] tarafından onaylanmamaktadır. Avrupa Birliği Kozmetik Ürünler ve Gıda Dışı Ürünler Bilim Kurulu ise dövme mürekkeplerinin özellikle incelenmesi gerektiğini savunmaktadır. Kına tipi geçici dövme ise kına kullanılarak deriyi boyama yöntemidir ve iğne kullanılmamaktadır. Uygulanan dövme 2-4 hafta rengini korumaktadır. Kına tipi geçici dövmenin içeriği kına maddesi ve kınaya renk vermesi amacı ile eklenen renklendiricilerden oluşmaktadır. Kına tipi geçici dövmenin renklendirilmesinde kullanılan para-fenilendiamin maddesi FDA tarafından alerjen olarak kategorize edilmiştir. Ayrıca kına veya saç boyasının da cilde uygulanmasını onaylamamış ve kına veya siyah kına olarak pazarlanan geçici dövmeleri kullandıktan sonra ciddi sorunlar oluşturduğunu belirten bireylerin olduğunu bildirmiştir. Bu derlemede, kalıcı dövme ve kına tipi geçici dövme boya içeriklerinin incelenmesi, yasal düzenlemelerdeki durumu ve oluşturabileceği sağlık risklerine dikkat çekmek ve farkındalık yaratmak amaçlanmıştır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Dövme; boyama ajanları; Lawsone; risk faktörleri
ABSTRACT
Tattoo application has become a more preferred phenomenon especially in the young population compared to the past. Although there is more than one type of tattoo, we will examine the permanent tattoos and temporary henna tattoos in this review. Permanent tattoos; it is a body decoration art, which is formed as a result of processing the dye into the lower skin with the help of a tattoo machine and needles, where these dyes cannot be destroyed by the skin. The permanent tattoo consists of organic and inorganic dyes and the injection of these dyes into the skin is not approved by the Food and Drug Agency (FDA). Scientific Committee on Consumer Products argues that tattoo inks should be examined in particular. Temporary henna tattoos is a method of dyeing the skin using henna and no needle is used. The applied tattoo retains its colour for 2-4 weeks. The content of the temporary henna tattoos consists of the henna substance and colorants added to give colour to the henna. The para-phenylenediamine substance used in the coloring of the temporary henna tattoos has been categorized as an allergen by the FDA. It also did not approve of applying henna or hair dye to the skin, and reported that there were individuals who stated that they had serious problems after using temporary tattoos marketed as henna or black henna. In this review, it is aimed to examine the contents of permanent tattoos and temporary henna tattoos paint, to draw attention to the situation in regulations and to raise awareness about the health risks it may pose.

Keywords: Tattooing; coloring agents; Lawsone; risk factors
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