Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Sağlık Kuruluna Silah Ruhsatı Almak için Yapılan Başvuruların ve Başvuranların Kişilik Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi
Examination of Applications and the Personality Traits of Applicants Who Apply to the Health Board for a Gun License
Şebnem UYGUNa, Selim ARPACIOĞLUb
aİstanbul Erenköy Ruh ve Sinir Hastalıkları Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, İstanbul, TÜRKİYE
bAltınbaş Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Ruh Sağlığı Hastalıkları ABD, İstanbul, TÜRKİYE
Turkiye Klinikleri J Foren Sci Leg Med. 2021;18(2):126-35
doi: 10.5336/forensic.2020-80568
Article Language: TR
ÖZET
Amaç: Bu çalışmada, 2017 ve 2019 yılları arasında İstanbul ilinde Kartal Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Şehir Hastanesi sağlık kuruluna silah ruhsatı alabilmek için yapılmış başvuruların değerlendirilmesi ve bu bireylerin kişilik profillerinin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Araştırmanın evrenini 18 yaş üzeri silah ruhsatı alabilmek amacıyla 2017 ve 2019 yılları arasında Kartal Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Şehir Hastanesi sağlık kuruluna başvurmuş 1.209 yetişkin birey oluşturmaktadır. Hastane sistemi üzerinden ulaşılabilen retrospektif veriler üzerinden, bireylerin yaş ve cinsiyet gibi sosyodemografik özellikleri değerlendirilmiş ve kişilik profillerinin değerlendirilmesi amacıyla ilgili tarihlerdeki sağlık kuruluna yapılan silah ruhsatı başvurularından istenen Minnesota Çok Yönlü Kişilik Envanteri [Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)] değerlendirilmesi yapılmıştır. Bulgular: Çalışmada, silah ruhsatı başvurularının yıllara göre artış gösterdiği görülmüştür. MMPI testi istenmiş bireylerin yaş ile K, Depresyon (D), Erkeklik-Kadınlık (Mf), Paranoya (Pa) ve Sosyal İçe Dönme (Si) alt ölçekleri arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir farklılık bulunmuştur. MMPI testi istenmiş bireylerin cinsiyetleriyle F, K, Hipokondriasis (Hs), D, Histeri (Hy), Psikotik Sapma (Pd), Mf, Pa, Psikasteni (Pt), Şizofreni (Sc) ve Si alt ölçekleri arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir fark bulunmuştur. MMPI istenmiş gruptan başvuru sonucu olumlu olan ve MMPI skorlarına ulaşılabilmiş bireyler (n=768) ve olumsuz olan (n=18) gruplar karşılaştırıldığında ise 2 grup arasındaki geçerlilik ve klinik alt testlerinde anlamlı bir farklılık bulunamamıştır. Sonuç: Yapılan çalışma ile yıllara göre silah ruhsatı başvurularının arttığı bilgisine ulaşılmıştır. Çalışmamız bulgularına göre silah ruhsatı başvurusunda bulunanlara daha çok fiziksel engellilik sebebi ile olumsuz raporu verilmekte, başvuru sonucu olumsuz ve olumlu olan gruplar arasında MMPI sonuçlarına göre bir fark görülmemektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Silah ruhsatı; minnesota çok yönlü kişilik envanteri; kişilik özellikleri
ABSTRACT
Objective: In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the applications made to the Kartal Dr. Lütfi Kırdar City Hospital Health Board in İstanbul between 2017-2019 to obtain a gun license and to examine the personality traits of these individuals. Material and Methods: The universe of the study consists of 1,209 adult individuals over the age of 18 who applied to the Kartal Dr. Lütfi Kırdar City Hospital Health Board between 2017-2019 in order to obtain a gun license. In the study, the sociodemographic characteristics of the individuals such as age and gender were evaluated using retrospective data and also Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), which was related health board gun license applications, was performed to evaluate personality traits. Results: Gun license applications increased over the years. The MMPI is found another significant place between the age and K, Depression (D), Masculinity-Feminity (Mf), Paranoia (Pa) and Social Introversion (Si) subscales of the individuals who were requested. A statically significant difference was found between the genders of the individuals for whom MMPI was requested and subscales of F, K, Hypochondriasis (Hs), D, Hysteria (Hy), Psychopathic Deviate (Pd), Mf, Pa, Psychasthenia (Pt), Schizophrenia (Sc) and Si subscale. There wa s no significant difference in validity and clinical subtests between the two groups when the individuals (n=768) and negative (n=18) groups whose application results were positive and whose MMPI scores were obtained from the group. Conclusion: Gun license applications have increased over the years with this study. In this study, those who apply for a gun license are given negative reports due to physical disability, and there is no difference between the groups whose application results are negative and positive according to the MMPI results.

Keywords: Gun license; Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory; personality traits
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