Journal of Traditional Medical Complementary Therapies

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
The Relationship of Factors Affecting Traditional and Complementary Medicine Practices with Regular Drug Use, Presence of Chronic Disease and Level of Knowledge: A Cross-Sectional Research
Geleneksel ve Tamamlayıcı Tıp Uygulamalarını Etkileyen Faktörlerin Düzenli İlaç Kullanımı, Kronik Hastalığın Varlığı ve Bilgi Düzeyi ile İlişkisi: Kesitsel Bir Araştırma
Fuat YALMANa, Tekin SANCARb
aDepartment of Health Management, Düzce University Faculty of Business, Düzce, Türkiye
bRepublic of Turkey Ministry of Health, İstanbul, Türkiye
J Tradit Complem Med. 2022;5(1):31-9
doi: 10.5336/jtracom.2021-84840
Article Language: EN
Full Text
ABSTRACT
Objective: The main purpose of this study is to determine the factors that are effective in the preference of traditional and complementary medicine practices and to investigate the relationship between these factors with regular drug use, the presence of chronic disease and the level of knowledge. Material and Methods: Community-based cross-sectional study design was used. The population of the study consisted of middle and elderly individuals who applied to a Family Health Center operating in Düzce province in SeptemberOctober-November-December 2020. The data were conducted over 400 people using face-to-face questionnaire technique. In the study, convenience sampling method was preferred. Results: Factors affecting the preference of traditional and complementary medicine practices according to the results of explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis; it has been found as 'effectiveness', 'accessibility', 'having fewer side effects' and 'philosophically compatibility'. According to the results of confirmatory factor analysis, it was seen that the model goodness of fit indexes were at an acceptable fit level. In addition, significant relationships were found between regular drug use, having a chronic disease, and the level of traditional and complementary medicine knowledge with the reasons for preference of traditional and complementary medicine practices. Conclusion: It has been observed that individuals who regularly use drugs, have any chronic diseases and have a high level of knowledge about traditional and complementary medicine practices have a more positive attitude towards traditional and complementary medicine treatments.

Keywords: Traditional and complementary medicine practices; regular drug use; chronic disease; awareness; community
ÖZET
Amaç: Bu çalışmanın temel amacı, geleneksel ve tamamlayıcı tıp uygulamalarının tercih edilmesinde etkili olan faktörleri belirlemek ve bu faktörlerin düzenli ilaç kullanımı, kronik hastalığın varlığı ve bilgi düzeyi ile ilişkilerini tespit etmektir. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Toplum tabanlı kesitsel çalışma tasarımı kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın evrenini, Düzce il merkezinde faaliyet gösteren bir Aile Sağlığı Merkezine, 2020 yılı Eylül-Ekim-Kasım-Aralık aylarında başvuran orta ve ileri yaş grubu bireyler oluşturmuştur. Veriler yüz yüze anket tekniği kullanılarak 400 kişi üzerinden toplanmıştır. Araştırmada kolayda örnekleme yöntemi tercih edilmiştir. Bulgular: Açıklayıcı ve doğrulayıcı faktör analizi sonuçlarına göre geleneksel ve tamamlayıcı tıp uygulamalarının tercih edilmesinde etkili olan faktörler; 'etkililik', 'ulaşılabilirlik', 'daha az yan etkiye sahip olması' ve 'felsefi açıdan uyumlu olması' olarak bulunmuştur. Doğrulayıcı faktör analizi sonuçlarına göre model uyum indekslerinin kabul edilebilir uyum düzeyinde olduğu görülmüştür. Ayrıca geleneksel ve tamamlayıcı tıp uygulamalarının tercih sebepleri ile düzenli ilaç kullanımı, kronik bir hastalığa sahip olma ve geleneksel ve tamamlayıcı tıp bilgi düzeyi arasında anlamlı ilişkiler tespit edilmiştir. Sonuç: Düzenli ilaç kullanan, herhangi bir kronik hastalığı olan ve geleneksel ve tamamlayıcı tıp uygulamaları konusunda bilgi düzeyi yüksek olan bireylerin, geleneksel ve tamamlayıcı tıp tedavilerine yönelik daha olumlu bir tutum içerisinde oldukları görülmüştür.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Geleneksel ve tamamlayıcı tıp uygulamaları; düzenli ilaç kullanımı; kronik hastalık; farkındalık; toplum
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