Journal of Traditional Medical Complementary Therapies

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
The Views of Relatives of Patients Applying to the Family Health Centre in Kütahya on Traditional and Complementary Non-Medical Practices: A Descriptive Study
Kütahya İlinde Aile Sağlığı Merkezine Başvuran Hasta Yakınlarının Tıp Dışı Geleneksel ve Tamamlayıcı Uygulamalara İlişkin Görüşleri: Tanımlayıcı Araştırma
Nuriye DEĞİRMENa, Filiz ÖZYİĞİTb
aDepartment of Midwifery, Kütahya University of Health Sciences Faculty of Health Sciences, Kütahya, Türkiye
bDepartment of Medical Pharmacology, Bandırma Onyedi Eylül University Faculty of Medicine, Balıkesir, Türkiye
J Tradit Complem Med. 2022;5(1):1-11
doi: 10.5336/jtracom.2021-85330
Article Language: EN
Full Text
ABSTRACT
Objective: This study aims to examine knowledge-behaviours of patient relatives, who applied to the Gaybi Efendi Family Health Centre (FHC) in Kütahya, towards traditional-complementary practices. Material and Methods: Study sample consists of the relatives of the patients who are treated at Gaybi Efendi FHC in Kütahya. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, a face-to-face questionnaire was applied to 330 patients' relatives, the study was conducted between October and December 2019. In the relevant dates, individuals who received service from the relevant institution in three months formed the population, those who agreed to participate in the study formed the sample. Results: The majority of participants included in the study were students, homemakers. 71.7% of the participants were women, 87.7% of them did not receive training in traditional-complementary medicine, 60.7% of them reported that traditional-complementary practices could be used without consulting a doctor, 51.6% of them said that traditional- complementary practices could be used for simple diseases, 42.1% of them said that traditional-complementary practices delay getting medical treatment, 36.4% of them said scientific evidence is necessary in traditional-complementary practices. University graduates, students and women were found to be more sensitive to the thought that scientific evidence is needed for traditional practices (p<0.05). Conclusion: It was found out that the groups with low education, withextended families, males had insufficient correct information about traditional practices and they need training. The problem arose that those without social security tended to these practices without consulting a doctor, and the misdirection of low-income people to these practices revealed the necessity of multidisciplinary planning on the subject.

Keywords: Non-medical; disease; traditional; complementary practices; treatment
ÖZET
Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, Kütahya'da Gaybi Efendi Aile Sağlığı Merkezine (ASM) başvuran hasta yakınlarının, tıp-dışı geleneksel- tamamlayıcı uygulamalara yönelik bilgi-davranışlarını incelemektir. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Çalışmanın örneklemini, Kütahya'da Gaybi Efendi ASM'ye başvuran hastaların yakınları oluşturmaktadır. Tanımlayıcı tipteki bu kesitsel çalışmada, 330 hasta yakınına tıp-dışı geleneksel-tamamlayıcı uygulamalar konusunda bilgi-davranışları, sosyodemografik anketleri yüz yüze uygulanmıştır. Çalışma, 2019 Ekim- Aralık aylarında yapılmıştır. İlgili tarihlerde 3 aylık süreçte ASM'ye başvuranlar evreni, gönüllüler örneklemi oluşturmuştur. Bulgular: Hasta yakınlarının çoğunluğunu öğrenci ve ev hanımları oluşturuyordu. Katılımcıların %71,7'i kadın olup, %87,7'si geleneksel-tamamlayıcı tıp eğitimi almamışlardı. Yüzde 60,7'si geleneksel-tamamlayıcı uygulamaları doktora danışmadan kullanmaktaydı. Katılımcıların %51,6'sı geleneksel-tamamlayıcı uygulamalar basit hastalıklarda kullanılabilir demiştir, %42,1'i geleneksel-tamamlayıcı uygulamalar tedavi almayı geciktirir demiştir, %36,4'ü geleneksel-tamamlayıcı uygulamalarda bilimsel kanıt gerekli demiştir. Üniversite mezunlarının, öğrencilerin ve kadınların geleneksel-tamamlayıcı uygulamalarda bilimsel kanıt gereklidir düşüncesi fazlaydı (p<0,05). Sonuç: Düşük eğitimlilerin, geniş ailedekilerin, erkeklerin, tıp-dışı geleneksel-tamamlayıcı uygulamalarla ilgili doğru bilgilerinin yetersiz olduğu, eğitimlere gereksinimleri olduğu saptanmıştır. Sosyal güvencesizlerin, doktora danışmadan bu uygulamalara yönelmesi sonucuna varılmıştır. Düşük gelirlilerin, bu uygulamalara yanlış yönelmesi konuyla ilgili multidisipliner planlamalar gereklidir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Tıp dışı; hastalık; geleneksel; tamamlayıcı uygulamalar; tedavi
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