Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Sports Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Antrenörlük Mesleğine Yönelik Tutum Ölçeği: Üniversite Öğrencileri İçin Geçerlilik ve Güvenirlilik Çalışması
Attitudes Towards Sports Coaching Profession Scale: Validity and Reliability Study for University Students
İhsan SARIa, Yusuf BULUTb
aSakarya Uygulamalı Bilimler Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Fakültesi, Antrenörlük Eğitimi Bölümü, Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Öğretmenliği ABD, Sporda Psiko-Sosyal Alanlar BD, Sakarya, TÜRKİYE
bSakarya Uygulamalı Bilimler Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Fakültesi, Antrenörlük Eğitimi Bölümü Lisans Öğrencisi, Sakarya, TÜRKİYE
Turkiye Klinikleri J Sports Sci. 2020;12(1):65-76
doi: 10.5336/sportsci.2019-70579
Article Language: TR
Full Text
ÖZET
Amaç: Bu araştırmanın amacı, Lise Öğrencilerinin Antrenörlük Mesleğine Yönelik Tutum Ölçeği'nin üniversite öğrencilerinde geçerlilik ve güvenirliliğinin test edilmesidir. İkinci amaç ise antrenörlük mesleğine yönelik tutumun belirlenmesi ve bazı sosyodemografik özelliklere göre incelenmesidir. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Bu araştırmaya 96 erkek (Xyaş=22,14±4,05) ve 28 kadın (Xyaş=21,11±1,91) olmak üzere toplam 124 spor bilimleri fakültesi antrenörlük eğitimi bölümü öğrencisi katılmıştır. Katılımcılara, kişisel bilgi formu ve Antrenörlük Mesleğine Yönelik Tutum Ölçeği uygulanmıştır. Ölçeğin yapı geçerliliği AMOS 20 programında doğrulayıcı faktör analizi ile değerlendirilmiştir. Ayrıca yakınsak geçerlilik için 'Average variance extracted (AVE)', güvenirlilik için ise kompozit güvenirlik ve Cronbach alfa değerleri hesaplanmıştır. Sosyodemografik özelliklere göre yapılan analizlerde ise SPSS 17 programında bağımsız gruplarda t-testi ve ANOVA analizleri kullanılmıştır. Bulgular: Doğrulayıcı faktör analizi sonucunda, ölçeğin 15 maddeli ve 3 faktörlü yapısının kabul edilebilir uyum değerlerine sahip olduğu tespit edilmiştir [CFI=,95, NFI=,90, NNFI=,94, X2/SD=1,66, RMSA=,073]. Cronbach alfa katsayılarının ,77-,92, arasında olduğu belirlenirken kompozit güvenirlik katsayıları ise ,73-,92 arasındadır. AVE değerleri ise ,48-,65 arasında bulunmuştur. Cinsiyet, aktif spor yapma durumu, ailede spor yapan birinin olması ve millî sporcu olma durumuna göre ise antrenörlük mesleğine yönelik tutum puanlarında anlamlı bir farklılık olmadığı belirlenmiştir (p>,05). Formasyon alma durumu ve sınıf düzeyine göre yapılan analizlerde ise anlamlı bir farklılık olduğu tespit edilmiştir (p<,05). Sonuç: Sonuç olarak, Antrenörlük Mesleğine Yönelik Tutum Ölçeği'nin üniversite öğrencilerinde geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçek olduğu sonucuna varılmıştır. Ayrıca antrenörlük mesleğine yönelik tutumun bazı sosyodemografik değişkenlere göre farklılık gösterdiği belirlenmiştir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Antrenör; antrenörlük mesleği; tutum; aday antrenör, ölçek
ABSTRACT
Objective: The aim of this research was to test validity and reliability of Attitudes Scale for High School Students towards Coaching Job in a university student sample. The second aim was to determine the participants' attitude towards sports coaching and to investigate it according to some socio-demographic variables. Material and Methods: A total of 124 candidate sports coaches from faculty of sports sciences, department of sports coaching education, including 96 males (Mage=22.14±4.05) and 28 females (Mage=21.11±1.91), participated in the study. Personal information form and Attitudes Scale for High School Students towards Coaching Job were applied to the participants. Factor structure of the scale in the sample group was evaluated by confirmatory factor analysis in AMOS 20 software. Also, average variance extracted (AVE) for convergent validity as well as composite reliability coefficients and Cronbach's alpha values for reliability were calculated. The investigations according to socio-demographic variables were carried out by independent samples t-test and ANOVA in SPSS 17. Results: It was determined according to the result of confirmatory factor analysis that the factor structure of 15 items with 3 sub-dimensions has the acceptable model fit indices [CFI=.95, NFI=.90, NNFI=.94, X2/df=1.66, RMSA=.073]. Cronbach's alpha coefficients ranged between .77-.92 and composite reliability coefficients were between .73-.92. AVE values were found to be between .48-.65. It was also determined that there was no significant difference in the attitude scores towards sports coaching profession according to gender, the status of practicing sports actively, having a sportsman in the family and being a national athlete (p>.05). Analysis according to class level and receiving pedagogical formation training revealed that there was a significant difference (p<.05). Conclusion: Attitudes towards Sports Coaching Profession Scale is a valid and reliable measurement tool that can be used in university students. It was also determined that participants' attitudes towards sports coaching profession differed according to some socio-demographic variables.

Keywords: Sports coach; sports coaching; attitude; candidate sports coach, scale
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