Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences

.: REVIEW
Asılsız Bildirim Olarak Ebeveyne Yabancılaştırma Sendromu: Geleneksel Derleme
Parental Alienation Syndrome as False Allegation: Traditional Review
Erhan ÖKSÜZa, Perihan ÇAM RAYa , Necmi ÇEKİNb , Ayşegül YOLGA TAHİROĞLUa , Rezan KARABULUTa
aÇukurova Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Çocuk Ruh Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları ABD, Adana, Türkiye
bÇukurova Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Adli Tıp ABD, Adana, Türkiye
Turkiye Klinikleri J Foren Sci Leg Med. 2023;20(2):134-48
doi: 10.5336/forensic.2022-94483
Article Language: TR
Full Text
ÖZET
Çocuk ihmal ve istismarı dünyanın her yerinde karşılaşılabilen evrensel bir sorun olup, bu sorun hakkında kamu bilinci ve duyarlılığı arttıkça sıklığı ve yaygınlığının ciddi ölçüde olduğu ortaya çıkmaktadır. İstismar olgularını değerlendirirken gerçek istismar olguları ile asılsız bildirimlerin ayırt edilmesi dikkat gerektiren bir konudur. Çocuk istismarı iddiaları gerçek olabileceği gibi çeşitli nedenlerle asılsız çocuk istismarı bildirimi de yapılabilmektedir. Çocuğun cinsel istismarı bildirimleri içinde ebeveynler, çocuk, sosyal çevre gibi pek çok nedene bağlı asılsız bildirimler ortaya çıkabilir. Son dönemlerde özellikle boşanma davalarında öne çıkan ve toplumsal bir sorun hâline gelen ebeveyne yabancılaştırma sendromu (EYS) yeni bir çocuk ihmal ve istismarı olarak karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Bu aynı zamanda çocuk hakkı ihlalidir. EYS, çocuğun bir ebeveyni tarafından diğer ebeveyne karşı bilinçli ve programlı bir şekilde yabancılaştırılması olarak tanımlanmaktadır Çocuk bir ebeveynden mahrum bırakıldığı için çocuğun duygusal anlamda ihmal ve istismar edilmesi demektir. Çocuk öteki ebeveyne karşı bir silah olarak kullanılmaktadır. Bu konu hakkında bilgisi olmayan profesyoneller EYS'yi gözden kaçırmakta ve yabancılaştırıcı ebeveynin hedefteki ebeveyne karşı çocuğu programlaması yani çocuğun ihmal ve istismarı, diğer ebeveynin haksız suçlanması hatta yargılanması engellenememektedir. Bu yazı ile EYS'ye dikkat çekmek, geçerliliğine yönelik tartışmaları vurgulamak, özelliklerini belirtmek ve EYS ile karşılaşabilecek olan sağlık çalışanlarına yönelik farkındalık oluşturmak amaçlanmaktadır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Ebeveyne yabancılaştırma sendromu; asılsız bildirim; çocuk istismarı
ABSTRACT
Child neglect and abuse is a global problem that can be encounter all over the world, and as public awareness and sensitivity about this issue is increasing, due to its frequency and prevalence has serious impacts. When evaluating case of abuse, it is an issue that requires attention to distinguish between real abuse cases and false reports. While allegations of child abuse can be true, false child abuse reports can also be made for various reasons. In child sexual abuse reports, false reports may arise due to many factors such as parenting, children itself and the impact of social environment. Parental alienation syndrome (PAS), which has become a social and judicial problem specifically in divorce cases, emerges as a new child neglect and abuse nowadays. This is also a violation of children rights. PAS is defined as the conscious and programmatic alienation of a child from one parent to the other parent. It means the emotional neglect and abuse of the child due to the child's deprivation of a parent. The child is used as a weapon against the other parent. Professionals who is not aware about this subject overlook the PAS and it cannot be prevented that the alienating parent programming the child against the targeted parent, that is, the neglect and abuse of the child, the other parent's unfair accusation or even prosecution. In this article, it is aimed to draw attention to the PAS, to emphasize the debates on its validity, to specify its features and to raise awareness for healthcare professionals who may encounter PAS.

Keywords: Parental alienation syndrome; false allegation; child abuse
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