Journal of Traditional Medical Complementary Therapies

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Determination of Health Services Vocational School Students' Knowledge and Attitudes About Conventional and Complementary Medicine Practices: A Descriptive Study
Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksekokulu Öğrencilerinin Geleneksel ve Tamamlayıcı Tıp ile İlgili Tutum ve Bilgi Düzeylerinin Belirlenmesi: Tanımlayıcı Araştırma
Ramazan GÜNEŞERa,b
aBolu Abant İzzet Baysal University Mehmet Tanrıkulu Vocational School of Health Services, Bolu, Türkiye
bDepartment of History of Medicine and Ethics, Eskişehir Osmangazi University Institute of Health Science, Eskişehir, Türkiye
J Tradit Complem Med. 2022;5(3):217-26
doi: 10.5336/jtracom.2022-92347
Article Language: EN
Full Text
ABSTRACT
Objective: The aim of this descriptive study is to determine the knowledge and attitudes of the health services vocational school students about conventional and complementary medicine practices (CCMP). Material and Methods: The study included students from Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University Mehmet Tanrıkulu Vocational School of Health Services. The data were collected online between November-December 2021 through the socio-demographic data form, Complementary, Alternative, Conventional Medicine Attitude Scale (CACMAS), and the CCMP information form. Results: The mean CACMAS score of the students (111.60±13.77) was found to be high. In general, knowledge level of students about CCMP practices are insufficient. The most and the least known CCMP methods among students are hypnosis (76.9%) and prolotherapy (88.3%), respectively. The philosophical congruence with complementary and alternative medicine in female students were higher than male (p=0.019). Dissatisfaction of second grade students with conventional medicine was found to be more than first grade students (p=0.005). The mean scores of the scale (p=0.002), philosophical congruence with complementary and alternative medicine (p=0.026) and the holistic balance sub-scales (p=0.024) of the students who used CCMP were found to be higher than the others. A very weak positive correlation was found between the age of the students and the scale mean score (r=0.15; p<0.01). On the other hand, a weak positive correlation was found between the age of students and dissatisfaction with conventional medicine mean score (r=0.25; p<0.01). Conclusion: Health services vocational school students have positive attitudes towards CCMP, but their level of knowledge is insufficient.

Keywords: Traditional medicine; complementary medicine; health service; university students
ÖZET
Amaç: Tanımlayıcı nitelikte olan bu çalışmanın amacı, sağlık hizmetleri meslek yüksekokulu öğrencilerinin geleneksel ve tamamlayıcı tıp (GETAT) uygulamaları ile ilgili bilgi ve tutumlarını belirlemektir. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Çalışma, Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Mehmet Tanrıkulu Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksekokulundaki öğrencileri kapsamaktadır. Çalışmanın verileri sosyo-demografik veri formu, Geleneksel ve Tamamlayıcı Tıp Tutum Ölçeği ve GETAT bilgi formu aracılığıyla Kasım-Aralık 2021 tarihleri arasında çevrim içi ortamda toplanmıştır. Bulgular: Öğrencilerin Geleneksel ve Tamamlayıcı Tıp Tutum Ölçeği'nden aldıkları skor ortalaması (111,60±13,77) yüksek düzeyde bulunmuştur. Genel olarak öğrencilerin GETAT uygulamaları hakkındaki bilgi düzeyleri yetersizdir. Öğrenciler arasında en fazla ve en az bilinen GETAT uygulamaları sırasıyla hipnoz (%76,9) ve proloterapidir (%88,3). Kız öğrencilerin tamamlayıcı tıbba düşünsel bakışları erkeklere kıyasla yüksek düzeyde bulunmuştur (p=0,019). İkinci sınıftaki öğrencilerin modern tıbba karşı memnuniyetsizlikleri 1. sınıftaki öğrencilere göre daha yüksek düzeyde bulunmuştur (p=0,005). GETAT uygulamalarını kullanan öğrencilerin ölçek ortalama skoru (p=0,002), tamamlayıcı tıbba düşünsel bakış (p=0,026) ve sağlığa bütüncül bakış alt boyut ortalama skorları (p=0,024) diğerlerine kıyasla daha yüksek düzeyde bulunmuştur. Öğrencilerin yaşları ile ölçek ortalama skoru arasında pozitif yönde çok zayıf bir ilişki bulunmuştur (r=0,15; p<0,01). Öte yandan öğrencilerin yaşları ile geleneksel tıptan memnuniyetsizlik ortalama skoru arasında pozitif yönde zayıf bir ilişki bulunmuştur (r=0,25; p<0,01). Sonuç: Sağlık hizmetleri meslek yüksekokulu öğrencilerinin GETAT ile ilgili tutumları olumlu, bilgi düzeyleri ise yetersizdir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Geleneksel tıp; tamamlayıcı tıp; sağlık hizmetleri; üniversite öğrencileri
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