Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Ebeveyn Niteliği, Evlilik Uyumu ve Aile İşlevselliğinin Ergenlerin Davranış Problemleri Üzerindeki Etkileri: İlişkisel Bir Çalışma
Impacts of Parental Quality, Marital Adjustment and Family Functioning on Behavior Problems of Adolescents: A Relational Study
Elif Nur YAZICIa, Yudum SÖYLEMEZb
aİstanbul Üniversitesi-Cerrahpaşa Adli Tıp ve Adli Bilimler Enstitüsü, Sosyal Bilimler ABD, İstanbul, TÜRKİYE
bİstanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi Sosyal ve Beşeri Bilimler Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü, İstanbul, TÜRKİYE
Turkiye Klinikleri J Foren Sci Leg Med. 2021;18(2):145-54
doi: 10.5336/forensic.2021-81455
Article Language: TR
ÖZET
Amaç: Bu çalışmada; ebeveyn niteliği, ebeveynlerin evlilik uyumu ve aile işlevselliğinin, ergenlerin davranış problemlerine etkisinin araştırılması amaçlanmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Çalışmaya, 12- 18 yaş arası 242 ergen ve anne babaları (toplam 726 kişi) katılmıştır. Ergenler, Kısa Semptom Envanteri-Ergen Formu, Aile Değerlendirme Ölçeği ve Ana Babaya Bağlanma Ölçeği'ni tamamlamıştır. Her bir ebeveyn, bireysel olarak Çift Uyum Ölçeği'ni tamamlamıştır. Çalışmaya katılan ergen ve ebeveynleri hakkındaki demografik soruları içeren demografik bilgi formu, ebeveynler tarafından birlikte cevaplandırılmıştır. Bulgular: Ergen toplam davranış sorunları puanı ile anne ve baba ilgisi arasında pozitif (p<0,01); anne ve baba aşırı kontrolü arasında negatif (p<0,01) yönlü anlamlı ilişkiler bulunmuştur. Ergenlerin toplam davranış sorunları puanı ile anne evlilik uyumu ve genel aile işlevselliği pozitif ilişkilidir (p<0,01). Baba evlilik uyumu, ergen davranış sorunları ile ilişkili bulunmamıştır (p>0,05). Ebeveyn ilgisi, baba aşırı kontrolü ve genel aile işlevselliğinin, ergenlerin davranış problemlerini yordadığı görülmektedir (p<0,001). Sonuç: Araştırmada, anne baba ilgisi, annenin evlilik uyumu ve sağlıklı aile işlevselliği arttıkça, ergenin yaşadığı davranış problemlerinin azaldığı gözlenmiştir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Ergenlik; ebeveyn davranışı; evlilik çatışması; aile ilişkileri
ABSTRACT
Objective: The present study aims to investigate the impact of parental quality, marital adjustment of parents and family functioning on adolescents' behavior problems. Material and Methods: 242 adolescents between ages 12 to 18 and their parents (total 726) were participated in the study. Adolescents completed Brief Problem Monitor-Youth Form, Family Assessment Device and Parental Bonding Instrument. Each parent completed Dyadic Adjustment Scale individually. Demographic information form which contains questions about participant adolescent and parents was answered by parents together. Results: It was found that there was significant positive relationship between parental care (p<0.01); negative relationship between parental over control (p<0.01) and total behavior problem score of adolescents. Total behavior problems score of adolescents was positively related with mother's marital adjustment and general family functioning (p<0.01). It was not found significant relationship between father's marital adjustment and adolescent's behavior problems (p>0.05). Parental care, father over control and general family functioning have regressed total behavior problems of adolescents (p<0.001). Conclusion: In this study, it is observed that while parental care, mother's marital adjustment and healthy family functioning increased, adolescents' behavior problems were decreased.

Keywords: Adolescence; paternal behavior; marital conflict; family relationships
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