Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Sports Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Futbolcularda Zihinsel Dayanıklılık ve Hedef Yöneliminin Akıl Dışı Performans İnançları ile İlişkisi: Kesitsel Çalışma
Relationship of Mental Toughness and Goal Orientation with Irrational Performance Beliefs in Footballers: Cross-Sectional Research
Selman ORHANa, Hüseyin ÜNLÜa
aAksaray Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Fakültesi, Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bölümü, Beden Eğitimi ve Spor ABD, Aksaray, Türkiye
Turkiye Klinikleri J Sports Sci. 2022;14(1):11-21
doi: 10.5336/sportsci.2021-81717
Article Language: TR
Full Text
ÖZET
Amaç: Sportif performansın psikolojik boyutunda, zihinsel dayanıklılık ve hedef yöneliminin akıl dışı performans inançlarıyla ilişkisi son derece önemli görülmektedir. Bu araştırmanın amacı, futbolcularda zihinsel dayanıklılık ve hedef yöneliminin akıl dışı performans inançları ile ilişkisini araştırmaktır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: İlişkisel tarama modelinde gerçekleştirilen araştırmanın örneklemini 2018-2019 sezonunda futbol oynayan 238 (Xyaş=23,37±5,50) futbolcu oluşturmuştur. Araştırmada veri toplama aracı olarak; 'Sporda Zihinsel Dayanıklılık Envanteri', 'Sporda Görev ve Ego Yönelim Ölçeği' ve 'Akıldışı Performans İnançları Envanteri-2' kullanılmıştır. Verilerin analizinde; tanımlayıcı istatistiklerin yanı sıra Pearson korelasyon katsayıları testi, bağımsız gruplar için t-testi ve çoklu regresyon analizinden yararlanılmıştır. Bulgular: Araştırmada, betimsel istatistikler ve futbolcuların yaşları ile zihinsel dayanıklılıkları, hedef yönelimleri ve akıl dışı performans inançları arasındaki ilişki incelenmiştir. Bunun yanı sıra araştırmada; zihinsel dayanıklılık, hedef yönelimi ve akıl dışı performans inançları arasındaki ilişkiler ve zihinsel dayanıklılık ve hedef yöneliminin akıl dışı performans inançları üzerinde yordayıcılığı incelenmiştir. Ayrıca bağımsız gruplar için t-testi uygulanmıştır. Sonuç: Araştırmadan elde edilen sonuçlara göre futbolcuların zihinsel dayanıklılıklarının ve akıl dışı performans inançlarının orta düzeyde olduğu; hedef belirlemede ise görev yönelimli oldukları belirlenmiştir. Yaş ile zihinsel dayanıklılık ve akıl dışı performans inançları arasında düşük düzeyde anlamlı ilişkinin olduğu belirlenmiştir. Bunun yanında zihinsel dayanıklılık ve görev yönelimi arasında düşük düzeyde anlamlı bir ilişki, akıl dışı performans inançları ve ego yönelimi arasında orta düzeyde anlamlı bir ilişki görülmüştür. Araştırmada, zihinsel dayanıklılıkta kontrol ve ego yöneliminin, akıl dışı performans inançları üzerinde anlamlı bir yordayıcı olduğu saptanmıştır. Ayrıca zihinsel dayanıklılık, hedef yönelimi ve akıl dışı performans inançlarında profesyonel futbolcuların, amatör futbolculara göre yüksek ortalamalara sahip olduğu saptanmıştır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Zihinsel dayanıklılık; hedef yönelimi; akıl dışı performans inançları; futbolcu
ABSTRACT
Objective: In the psychological aspect of sportive performance, the relationship between mental toughness and goal orientation with irrational performance beliefs is considered to be extremely important. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between mental toughness and goal orientation with irrational performance beliefs in football players. Material and Methods: The sample of the study, which was carried out in the relational scanning model, consisted of 238 (Xage=23.37±5.50) football players who played football in the 2018-2019 season. In the study 'Sport Mental Toughness Questionnaire', 'Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire', 'Irrational Performance Belief Inventory-2' were used as the data collection tool. In the analyze of data besides the descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient test, t-test for independent groups and multiple regression analyses were used. Results: In the study, descriptive statistics and the relationship between the ages of football players and their mental toughness, goal orientation and irrational performance beliefs were examined. In addition, the relationship between mental toughness, goal orientation and irrational performance beliefs, and the predictors of mental toughness and goal orientation on irrational performance beliefs were investigated. In addition, t-test was applied for independent groups. Conclusion: According to the results obtained from the research, it was determined that the mental toughness and irrational performance beliefs of the football players were moderate and they were task-oriented in goal setting. It was determined that there was a low-level significant relationship between age and mental toughness and irrational performance beliefs. In addition, there was a low-level significant relationship between mental toughness and task orientation, and a moderately significant relationship between irrational performance beliefs and ego orientation. In the study, it was determined that control and ego orientation in mental toughness were significant predictors of irrational performance beliefs. In addition, it was determined that professional football players have higher averages than amateur football players in mental toughness, goal orientation and irrational performance beliefs.

Keywords: Mental toughness; goal orientation; irrational performance beliefs; soccer players
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