Journal of Traditional Medical Complementary Therapies

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Hemşirelik Öğrencilerinin Kadın Sağlığına Yönelik Tamamlayıcı ve Alternatif Tıp Yöntemleri ile İlgili Bilgi Düzeyleri ve Tutumları: Tanımlayıcı Bir Araştırma
Knowledge Levels and Attitudes of Nursing Students on Complementary and Alternative Medicine Methods for Women's Health: A Descriptive Study
Nevin HOTUN ŞAHİNa, Mehtap GÜMÜŞAYb, Zehra ACARa, Büşra YILMAZa, Meltem MECDİ KAYDIRAKa
aİstanbul Üniversitesi-Cerrahpaşa Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Fakültesi, Kadın Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Hemşireliği ABD, İstanbul, Türkiye
bOrdu Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Doğum ve Kadın Hastalıkları Hemşireliği ABD, Ordu, Türkiye
J Tradit Complem Med. 2022;5(3):205-16
doi: 10.5336/jtracom.2022-91044
Article Language: TR
Full Text
ÖZET
Amaç: Çalışma, kadın sağlığı ve kültür dersi almanın hemşirelik öğrencilerinin kadın sağlığına yönelik bütüncül tamamlayıcı ve alternatif tıp yöntemleri ile ilgili bilgi düzeylerine ve tutumlarına etkisini belirlemek amacıyla karşılaştırmalı tanımlayıcı tasarımda planlandı. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Bir hemşirelik fakültesinde öğrenim gören tüm öğrencilere örneklem seçimi yapılmadan araştırmaya katılmaları için davetiye gönderildi. Çalışmaya kadın sağlığı ve kültür dersi alan 152 ve dersi almayan 135 öğrenci katıldı. Veriler tanıtıcı bilgi formu ve Bütüncül Tamamlayıcı ve Alternatif Tıbba Karşı Tutum Ölçeği (BTATÖ) kullanılarak "google.survey" aracı ile toplandı. Bulgular: Katılımcıların yaş ortalaması 22,36±2,32 idi. Öğrencilerin %94,4'ü bütüncül tamamlayıcı ve alternatif tedavileri duyduğunu, %32,4'ü bu yöntemleri kullandığını, %13,9'u nadiren kullandığını, %59,6'sı bu yöntemleri TV-internetten duyduğunu ve %51,9'u bu yöntemlerin gerektiğinde kullanılabileceğini belirtti. Öğrencilerin BTATÖ toplam puanı 28,44±4,31 bulundu. Öğrencilerin BTATÖ alt boyutlarından aldıkları puan ortalamasının bütünleyici alt boyutun ekonomik durum ile ilişkili olduğu, tamamlayıcı alt boyutun aile tipi ile ilişkili olduğu ve ölçek toplam puanının aile tipi ile ilişkili olduğu belirlendi. Sonuç: Katılımcıların en fazla bildikleri yöntemler fitoterapi, bitki çayı kullanımı ve aromaterapi olarak belirlendi. Öğrencilerin bu yöntemleri duydukları kaynakların başında televizyon ve internetin yer aldığı görüldü. Öğrencilerin kadın sağlığına yönelik bütüncül tamamlayıcı ve alternatif tıp yöntemlerine ilişkin tutumlarının pozitif ve orta düzeyde olduğu saptandı.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Bütünleyici tamamlayıcı ve alternatif tıp; tamamlayıcı tıp yaklaşımları; kadın sağlığı kültürü; kültürlerarası hemşirelik
ABSTRACT
Objective: The study was planned in a comparative descriptive design to determine the effect of taking the women's health and culture course on the knowledge levels and attitudes of nursing students about holistic complementary and alternative medicine methods towards women's health. Material and Methods: An invitation to participate in the study was sent to all students studying at a nursing faculty without making a sample selection. 152 students who took the women's health and culture course and 135 students who did not take the course participated. The data were collected using the descriptive information form and the Holistic Complementary and Alternative Medicine Questionnaire (HCAMQ) using the 'google.survey' tool. Results: The mean age of the participants was 22.36±2.32. 94.4% of the students heard about holistic complementary and alternative treatments, 32.4% used these methods, 13.9% rarely used them, 59.6% heard about these methods on TV-internet and 51.9% he stated that these methods can be used when necessary. The total score of HCAMQ was 28.44±4.31. It was determined that the mean score obtained by the students from the HCAMQ sub-dimensions was related to the complementary sub-dimension's economic status, the complementary sub-dimension was related to the family type, and the total score of the scale was related to the family type. Conclusion: The methods most familiar to the participants were determined as phytotherapy, use of herbal tea and aromatherapy. It was seen that television and internet were the primary sources that students heard about these methods. It was determined that students' attitudes towards holistic complementary and alternative medicine methods for women's health were positive and moderate.

Keywords: Integrative complementary and alternative medicine; complementary medicine approaches; women's health culture; transcultural nursing
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