Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences

.: REVIEW
Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti'ndeki Çocuk Cinayetleri Üzerine Düşünceler: Sistematik Derleme Çalışması
Thoughts on Child Murders in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus: Systematic Review Study
Zihniye OKRAYa
aLefke Avrupa Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü, Lefke, KKTC
Turkiye Klinikleri J Foren Sci Leg Med. 2021;18(2):178-87
doi: 10.5336/forensic.2021-82651
Article Language: TR
ÖZET
Aile içinde yaşayan bireylerin sevgi, güvenlik ve korunma ihtiyaçlarını karşılamanın yanı sıra toplumsallaşma ve sosyalleşme süreçlerinde de önemlidir. Diğer taraftan aile üyeleri için tehlikeli ve bazı durumlarda ölümcül de olabilmektedir. Aile içi şiddetin en uç boyutu olarak değerlendirilebilecek olan aile içi cinayet olguları insanlık tarihi kadar eski, bir o kadar da tüyler ürperticidir. Aile içi cinayetlerde mağdur ya da fail çocuk olunca, toplumsal bir örselenme ve infiale yol açmaktadır. Aile içerisindeki cinayetler farklı psikososyal stresörlere bağlı olarak ortaya çıkabilmelerinin yanı sıra aile üyelerinin sahip oldukları ruhsal bozukluklar da önemli etkenler arasında sayılabilir. Özellikle aile içi çocuk cinayetlerinin oluşmasında bazı risk faktörleri bulunmaktadır. Bu risk faktörlerini; ebeveynlere bağlı riskler, aile yapısı, aile çevresi, toplumsal ve kültürel normlara bağlı riskler olarak sınıflamak mümkündür. Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti (KKTC) nispeten küçük popülasyonu ve az sayıdaki şiddet olayı ile yaşanılması güvenli sayılabilecek bir ülkedir. 2010 yılından bu yana KKTC'de fail ve/veya mağdurun çocuk olduğu 4 cinayet; maternal filisid, paternal filisid ve çifte parisid şeklinde gerçekleşmiştir. KKTC'de gerçekleşen bu dört cinayet olgusu ilgili alan yazın ışığında tartışılmıştır. Sonuç olarak özellikle yetersiz ekonomik kaynaklar, parçalanmış ailelerde yetişmiş olmak, çocukların anne-babanın ilgisinin kaybedileceği ya da bölüneceği ile ilgili endişeler, eski eşten intikam alma isteği, sosyal yalıtılmışlık, alkol/madde kötüye kullanımı gibi etkenlerin maternal ve paternal filisid olgularında öne çıktığı ve son olarak da çifte parisid olgusunda da ateşli silahlara erişimin kolaylığının cinayetlere yol açtığı görülmüştür.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Siblisid; filisid; paternal filisid; maternal filisid; çifte parisid
ABSTRACT
Families usually meets the needs of love, security and protection for their members, also performs important duties in socialization processes. On the other hand, it can also be dangerous for family members and in some cases fatal. Cases of domestic murder, which can be considered as the most extreme dimension of domestic violence, are as old as human history and they were horrifying acts. Especially in the cases of domestic murders when the victim or the perperator was a child it results trauma and indignation upon the society. In addition to the psychosocial stressors, mental disorders suffered by family members are among the important factors of child murders in family. There are some risk factors, especially in the occurrence of domestic child homicides. It is possible to classify these risk factors as; risks related to parents, family structure, family environment and social cultural norms. Northern Cyprus is a country that can be considered safe to experience with its relatively small population and a small number of violent incidents. In domestic murders, when the victim or perpetrator is a child, they causes social trauma and indignation. Since 2010, there have been 4 murders in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) where the perpetrator and the victim were a child. These murders are cases that can be evaluated as siblisid, maternal filicide, paternal filicide and double paricide. These four murder cases in TRNC have been discussed in the light of the relevant literature. As a result of this study it can be considered that especially inadequate financial resources, children raised in broken families and concerns about parental interest will be lost or shared, factors such as revenge against the ex, social dissection, alcohol/substance abuse come to the forefront in maternal and paternal filicide cases, and finally, in the case of double parricide the ease of access to firearms has caused the murders to occur.

Keywords: Siblicide; paternal filicide; maternal filicide; double parricide
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