Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Nursing Sciences

.: REVIEW
Sağlık Eğitiminde Bilişim Teknolojilerinin Kullanımı: Güçlü ve Zayıf Yönler
The Usage of Information Technologies in Health Education: Strengths and Weaknesses
Emine ŞENYUVAa
aİstanbul Üniversitesi-Cerrahpaşa Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Fakültesi, Hemşirelikte Eğitim ABD, İstanbul, TÜRKİYE
Turkiye Klinikleri J Nurs Sci. 2021;13(4):994-1004
doi: 10.5336/nurses.2021-83083
Article Language: TR
Full Text
ÖZET
Günümüzde küreselleşme, siber devrim, ekonomik rekabet, bilginin geniş yayılımı, bilgi ve iletişim teknolojilerinde yaşanan değişme ve gelişmeler; birey, aile ve toplumun sağlığını geliştirme, koruma ve sürdürmelerine, yaşam kalitelerini artırmalarına yönelik gerekli bilgilere ulaşmalarını sağlamak amacıyla gerçekleştirilecek sağlık eğitimlerini gerekli kılmaktadır. Sağlık eğitimi; bireyin değerlerini, inançlarını, tutumlarını etkileyerek sağlıklı ve nitelikli yaşamını destekleyecek davranışlar kazanmasını ve iyi davranışları alışkanlık hâline getirmesini sağlayan dinamik bir süreçtir. Bu süreçte hemşireler, birey, aile ve topluma yönelik sağlık eğitiminde rol alan en önemli sağlık profesyonellerinden biridir. Sağlık profesyonelleri olarak hemşirelerin yaşanan bu değişme ve gelişmeleri dikkate alarak sağlık eğitiminde farklı teknolojileri (Wiki, blog, podcast, YouTube, çevrim içi video oyunları, avatarlar, sosyal medya vb.) kullanmaları ve bu teknolojilerden yararlanmaları kaçınılmaz hâle gelmiştir. Sağlık eğitiminde bilişim teknolojilerinin kullanımı; bireysel sağlığın kontrolünü ve değerlendirilmesini, sağlıkla ilgili bilgilerin toplanmasını ve işlenmesini sağlamakta, gerekli kaynakların kullanımını kolaylaştırmakta, farklı öğrenme stillerine sahip bireylerin karmaşık konuları kendi hızlarında anlamalarını mümkün kılmaktadır. Ayrıca sağlık eğitiminde bilişim teknolojilerinin kullanımı, bilginin hızlı bir şekilde yayılmasını sağlayarak sağlıklı birey, aile ve toplumun sağlığı hakkında daha fazla bilgi sahibi olmasını, kendi sağlığıyla ilgili kararlar almasını ve sağlık hizmetlerinin daha etkin kullanılmasını desteklemektedir. Bu bağlamda derlemede; sağlık eğitiminde kullanılacak bilişim teknolojileri (Wiki, blog, podcast, YouTube, çevrim içi video oyunları, avatarlar, sosyal medya, mobil teknoloji) ve bu teknolojilerin güçlü ve zayıf yönleri üzerinde durulması amaçlanmaktadır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Sağlık eğitimi; bilişim teknolojileri; bilişim; teknoloji; hemşirelik
ABSTRACT
Today, globalization, cyber revolution, economic competition and wide spread of information, changes and developments in information and communication technologies made it obligatory to use different technologies while providing health education to ensure that individuals, families and society reach the necessary information to improve, protect and maintain their health, and to increase their quality of life, and that nurses also benefit from these technologies in health education they will perform within the scope of the role of educators. Health education is a dynamic process that enables individuals to acquire behavioral changes that will support a healthy and qualified life by affecting their values, beliefs and attitudes and to make good behaviors a habit. In this process, nurses are one of the most important health professionals involved in health education for individuals, families and society. As health professionals, it has become inevitable for nurses to use and benefit from different technologies (Wiki, blog, podcast, YouTube, online video games, avatars, social media, etc.) in health education, taking into account these changes and developments. The usage of information technologies in health education ensures the control and evaluation of individual health, the collection and processing of many health-related information, facilitates the usage of necessary resources, and enables individuals with different learning styles to understand complex issues at their own pace. The usage of information technologies in health education also enables the rapid spread of information, to have more information about the health of the healthy individual, family and society, to make decisions about their own health, and to support the more effective usage of health services. In this context, information technologies (Wiki, blog, podcast, YouTube, online video games, avatars, social media, mobile technology) to be used in health education and the strengths and weaknesses of these technologies will be discussed in this review.

Keywords: Health education; information technologies; information; technology; nursing
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5. PROPRIETARY RIGHTS

5.1. The information accessed through this "SITE" or provided by the users legally and all the elements (including but not limited to design, text, image, html code and other codes) of the "SITE" (all of them will be called as studies tied to "Turkiye Klinikleri"s copyrights) belongs to "Turkiye Klinikleri". Users do not have the right to resell, process, share, distribute, display or give someone permission to access or to use the "Turkiye Klinikleri" services, "Turkiye Klinikleri" information and the products under copyright protection by "Turkiye Klinikleri". Within hereby "Terms of Use" unless explicitly permitted by "Turkiye Klinikleri" nobody can reproduce, process, distribute or produce or prepare any study from those under "Turkiye Klinikleri" copyright protection.

5.2. Within hereby "Terms of Use", "Turkiye Klinikleri" reserves the rights for "Turkiye Klinikleri" services, "Turkiye Klinikleri" information, the products associated with "Turkiye Klinikleri" copyrights, "Turkiye Klinikleri" trademarks, "Turkiye Klinikleri" trade looks or its all rights for other entity and information it has through this website unless it is explicitly authorized by "Turkiye Klinikleri".

6. CHANGES IN THE TERMS OF USE

"Turkiye Klinikleri" in its sole discretion may change the hereby "Terms of Use" anytime announcing within the "SITE". The changed terms of the hereby "Terms of Use" will become valid when they are announced. Hereby "Terms of Use" cannot be changed by unilateral declarations of users.

7. FORCE MAJEURE

"Turkiye Klinikleri" is not responsible for executing late or never of this hereby "Terms of Use", privacy policy and "USER Contract" in any situation legally taken into account as force majeure. Being late or failure of performance or non-defaulting of this and similar cases like this will not be the case from the viewpoint of "Turkiye Klinikleri", and "Turkiye Klinikleri" will not have any damage liability for these situations. "Force majeure" term will be regarded as outside of the concerned party's reasonable control and any situation that "Turkiye Klinikleri" cannot prevent even though it shows due diligence. Also, force majeure situations include but not limited to natural disasters, rebellion, war, strike, communication problems, infrastructure and internet failure, power cut and bad weather conditions.

8. LAW AND AUTHORISATION TO FOLLOW

Turkish Law will be applied in practicing, interpreting the hereby "Terms of Use" and managing the emerging legal relationships within this "Terms of Use" in case of finding element of foreignness, except for the rules of Turkish conflict of laws. Ankara Courts and Enforcement Offices are entitled in any controversy happened or may happen due to hereby contract.

9. CLOSING AND AGREEMENT

Hereby "Terms of Use" come into force when announced in the "SITE" by "Turkiye Klinikleri". The users are regarded to agree to hereby contract terms by using the "SITE". "Turkiye Klinikleri" may change the contract terms and the changes will be come into force by specifying the version number and the date of change on time it is published in the "SITE".

 

30.03.2014

Privacy Policy

We recommend you to read the terms of use below before you visit our website. In case you agree these terms, following our rules will be to your favor. Please read our Terms of Use thoroughly.

www.turkiyeklinikleri.com website belongs to Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. and is designed in order to inform physicians in the field of health

www.turkiyeklinikleri.com cannot reach to user’s identity, address, service providers or other information. The users may send this information to the website through forms if they would like to. However, www.turkiyeklinikleri.com may collect your hardware and software information. The information consists of your IP address, browser type, operating system, domain name, access time, and related websites. www.turkiyeklinikleri.com cannot sell the provided user information (your name, e-mail address, home and work address, phone number) to the third parties, publish it publicly, or keep it in the website. Gathered information has a directing feature to be a source for the website’s visitor profile, reporting and promotion of the services.

www.turkiyeklinikleri.com uses the taken information:

-To enhance, improve and maintain the quality of the website

-To generate visitor’s profile and statistical data

-To determine the tendency of the visitors on using our website

-To send print publications/correspondences

-To send press releases or notifications through e-mail

-To generate a list for an event or competition

By using www.turkiyeklinikleri.com you are considered to agree that;

-Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. cannot be hold responsible for any user’s illegal and immoral behavior,

-Terms of use may change from time to time,

-It is not responsible for other websites’ contents it cannot control or the harms they may cause although it uses the connection they provided.

Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. may block the website to users in the following events:

-Information with wrong, incomplete, deceiving or immoral expressions is recorded to the website,

-Proclamation, advertisement, announcement, libelous expressions are used against natural person or legal identity,

-During various attacks to the website,

-Disruption of the website because of a virus.

Written, visual and audible materials of the website, including the code and the software are under protection by legal legislation.

Without the written consent of Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. the information on the website cannot be downloaded, changed, reproduced, copied, republished, posted or distributed.

All rights of the software and the design of the website belong to Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc.

Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. will be pleased to hear your comments about our terms of use. Please share the subjects you think may enrich our website or if there is any problem regarding our website.

info@turkiyeklinikleri.com