Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Sports Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Türk ve Göçmen Ortaokul Öğrencilerinin Fiziksel Aktivite ve Fiziksel Uygunluk Düzeylerinin İncelenmesi
Determination of Physical Activity and Physical Fitness Levels of Turkish and Immigrant Secondary School Students
İlkay EROĞLUa, Hüseyin ÜNLÜb
aMillî Eğitim Bakanlığı Şehit Memiş Arıbaş Ortaokulu, Aksaray, TÜRKİYE
bAksaray Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Fakültesi, Beden Eğitimi ve Spor ABD, Aksaray, TÜRKİYE
Turkiye Klinikleri J Sports Sci. 2021;13(3):396-404
doi: 10.5336/sportsci.2021-82844
Article Language: TR
Full Text
ÖZET
Amaç: Bu araştırmanın temel amacı, Türk ve göçmen ortaokul öğrencilerinin fiziksel aktivite ve fiziksel uygunluk düzeylerinin belirlenmesidir. Araştırmada, ayrıca Türk ve göçmen ortaokul öğrencilerinin fiziksel aktivite ve fiziksel uygunluk düzeyleri karşılaştırmalı olarak ele alınmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Genel tarama modelinde gerçekleştirilen araştırmanın örneklemini 293'ü (%73,6) Türk ve 105'i (%26,4) yabancı uyruklu öğrencilerden toplam 398 öğrenci oluşturmuştur. Araştırmada veri toplama aracı olarak kişisel bilgiler formu, Uluslararası Fiziksel Aktivite Anketi ve Fiziksel Uygunluk Testleri kullanılmıştır. Araştırmada ilk olarak öğrencilerin vücut kompozisyonu ölçümleri yapılmıştır. Sağlık ile ilişkili ve beceri ile ilişkili fiziksel uygunluklarının tespiti için ise Fitnessgram ve Eurofit Test Bataryaları'nda yer alan ortaokul öğrencileri için uygun olan testler kullanılmıştır. Verilerinin analizinde ise tanımlayıcı istatistikler, t-testi, tek yönlü varyans analizi ve Tukey testi kullanılmıştır. Bulgular: Araştırmada, Türk ve göçmen öğrencilerin fiziksel aktivite düzeylerine ilişkin yapılan karşılaştırmada anlamlı bir farklılığa rastlanmamıştır. Türk ve göçmen öğrencilerin cinsiyet değişkeni açısından fiziksel aktivite düzeylerine ilişkin yapılan karşılaştırmada ise her 2 grupta da anlamlı farklılıklar tespit edilmiştir. Türk ve göçmen ortaokul öğrencilerinin fiziksel uygunluk parametrelerinden elde edilen sonuçlar karşılaştırıldığında; şınav, otur-uzan esneklik testi sol el ve sağ el ölçümü, durarak uzun atlama ve sol el pençe kuvveti parametrelerinde anlamlı bir farklılığa rastlanmıştır. Sonuç: Araştırmada, Türk ve göçmen ortaokul öğrencilerinin daha çok orta şiddetli fiziksel aktiviteye yöneldikleri ve erkek öğrencilerin fiziksel aktivite düzeylerinin daha yüksek olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Ayrıca araştırmada, göçmen öğrencilerin şınav, otur-uzan esneklik testi sol el ve sağ el ölçümü, durarak uzun atlama ve sol el pençe kuvveti parametrelerinin daha iyi olduğu görülmüştür.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Fiziksel aktivite; fiziksel uygunluk; etnik grup; ortaokul öğrencileri
ABSTRACT
Objective: The purpose of this study is to determine physical activity and physical fitness levels of Turkish and immigrant secondary school students. Also, physical activity and physical fitness levels of Turkish and immigrant secondary school students were examined comparatively. Material and Methods: The study carried out by general screening model and the research sample consisted of a total of 398 students, 293 (73.6%) Turkish and 105 (26.4%) foreign students. Firstly, body composition measurements of the students were made in the study. In order to determine their health-related and skill-related physical fitness, tests that are suitable for secondary school students in Fitnessgram and Eurofit Test Batteries were used. As a data collection tool; personal information form, International Physical Activity Questionnaire and Physical Fitness Tests were used. Descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way analysis of variance and Tukey test were used in the analysis of the data. Results: In the study, no significant difference was found in the comparison of the physical activity levels of Turkish and immigrant students. In the comparison of the physical activity levels of Turkish and immigrant students in terms of gender variable, significant differences were found in both groups. In the comparison of physical fitness parameters of Turkish and immigrant students; significant differences were found in push-ups, right-hand flexibility, left-hand flexibility, long jump and left-hand claw strength values. Conclusion: In the study, it was found that Turkish and immigrant secondary school students tend to moderate physical activity more and male students have higher physical activity levels. In the study, it was also observed that the parameters of push-ups, flexibility left hand and right hand, standing long jump and left hand claw strength were better in immigrant students.

Keywords: Physical activity; physical fitness; ethnic group; secondary school students
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